HPV Awareness and Vaccine

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HPV Awareness and Vaccine

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Gynecologist and professor at the Petrópolis School of Medicine (FMP / Phase)

The year of 2014 begins with a historic achievement for Brazilian public health: the introduction of the quadrivalent vaccine against human papillomavirus (types 6 and 11, 16 and 18) in the National Immunization Program. The administration of HPV vaccine In young people from 9 to 13 years is the best way to prevent infection in adulthood. In this age group, the immune response to the vaccine is higher.

The vaccine is indicated for girls and women from 9 to 26 years for the prevention of cervical, vagina, vulva and anus cancers caused by HPV 16 and 18, and genital warts caused by HPV 6 and 11. It is also indicated for boys and men from 9 to 26 years of age for cancer prevention, and genital-anal warts caused by HPV.

Genital HPV infection is the most common sexually transmitted disease in women and men. Epidemiological studies have suggested that approximately 80% of women come into contact with HPV at some point in their lives.

Currently, more than 200 different types of HPV have been identified. About 45 infect the genital epithelium and male and female anus. Of these, 13 to 18 forms are related to oncogenic risk associated with genital cancer (cervix, vagina, vulva and penis), anus, respiratory and digestive tract. Non-oncogenic HPVs cause genital warts, low-grade squamous anogenital intraepithelial neoplasms and recurrent laryngeal.

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Almost all cervical cancer is caused by high risk HPV. The problem is also responsible for 50% of cases of vulva, vagina (70%), anal (93%) and oropharynx (60%) cancer, through HPV 16 and 18.

HPV is an easily transmitted virus and usually spreads imperceptibly. Transmitted primarily through sexual intercourse, hand-genital and oral-genital contact transmissions have also been documented.

HPV

HPV vaccines represent a milestone in the area of ​​immunization. We currently have two types of HPV vaccines on the market, and they have both oncogenic types (HPV 16 and 18), which account for 70% of cervical cancer cases worldwide. The quadrivalent vaccine has two more types, HPV 6 and 11, which account for 90% of cases of anogenital warts and juvenile laryngeal papillomatosis.

Public vaccination against the virus began this March and, in Petrópolis, our outpatient school of FMP / Phase participates in vaccination, along with other posts in the municipality, in a major mobilization in the area of ​​health against HPV.

Soropositivo.org Editor's Note: Here on this site, more precisely on this link that HIV As 70% of neck cancers cause it, it makes no sense for moralistic families to expose their daughters (hostages) to all these risks, for fear that the HPV vaccine will lead girls to early sexuality.

Rarely will we have many virgin girls at 15 with funk dances and the group of leko leko and pqp…

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I myself do not like PreP within the context in which they are inserted

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