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Kaposi's sarcoma - Opportunistic Disease

What is it?

 

O Kaposi's sarcomais a type of cancer. It was one of the first diseases seen in people with AIDS and remains one of the most common types of cancer among HIV-positive people.

Most researchers now agree that the virus called herpes virus associated with Kaposi's sarcoma (KSHV, in English), also known as human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8, in English), causes Kaposi's sarcoma. However, the virus alone is not enough to cause the sarcoma. Abnormalities in the immune system such as in people with AIDS can allow the virus to cause disease.

About 30% of gay men and bisexual HIV positive are infected with KSHV, while only 2 3% or% of the containers transfusion of HIV-positive hemophiliacs or are infected with the virus. As for heterosexual HIV-positive, only 3 4% or% are infected with KSHV.

It was learned that Kaposi's Sarcoma occurs in some HIV-positive individuals with T-cell counts relatively high (around 500 cells / mm3). The risk to develop sarcoma, especially in people infected with HIV and KSHV, further increases the chances that the immune system becomes damaged and removed. Fortunately, the anti-HIV therapy has allowed many HIV-positive people to keep your immune system healthy and in response, prevent sarcoma happen first.

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