What is AIDS?
AIDS is a disease that attacks and destroys the immune system because of destruction of white blood cells (CD4 + T lymphocytes). AIDS or AIDS in Portuguese of Portugal is considered one of the most serious health problems facing humankind thanks to its pandemic aspect (planetary).
What is the causative agent?
A AIDS occurs a few years after aa HIV, the virus that attacks the cells of the immune system, destroying the white blood cells (T lymphocytes CD4 +). The lack of these cells decreases the body's ability to counteract diseases caused by microscopic organisms that are not normally able cause harm in people with immune system free of HIV.
Transmission / Contagion
HIV can be transmitted through blood, semen, vaginal secretions, breast milk by, or transfusion of contaminated blood. The HIV-positive or HIV virus even if not present symptoms of AIDS, transmit the virus, so the importance of condom use in all sexual relations.
Knowing this, you can live with an HIV positive person with AIDS or without major fears. Can kiss, hug, give love and share the same physical space without fear of contracting HIV.
The more respect you give to anyone living with HIV or AIDS, the better the response to treatment, because social interaction is very important for increasing self-esteem and thus prevents them suffer with depression, one of the triggers AIDS.
Assim acid HIV / Aids
- Sexo in the vagina am condom
- Oral sex without a condom
- Anal sex without a condom
- Using the syringe by more than one person
- Contaminated blood transfusion
- From an infected mother to her child during pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding mother
- Instruments that pierce or cut unsterilized.
So do not catch HIV / AIDS
- Sex since corretamente to use condoms
- Masturbation two
- Kiss on the cheek or mouth
- Sister and lágrima
- Insect bite
- Handshake or hug
- Soap / towel / linen
- Cutlery / glasses
- Bus seat
- Blood Donation
- Hair ar
The practice of masturbation with a casual partner implies risk of infection by HIV / AIDS?
There is no exchange of blood, semen or discharge, the practice of masturbation no risk of HIV infection or AIDS.
And the risk of infection by HIV with sharp objects like razors, earrings, piercings and pliers?
Currently, the majority of needlestick devices manufactured, such as syringes, tattoo machines, to put earrings or piercings are done with disposables, which can not be used more than once. If in doubt, ask at the site suggest the origin of the materials in use. The risk of contamination from blood of HIV in contact with the skin and oral mucosa is less than the percutaneous because there is a greater amount of target cells susceptible to HIV infection in the bloodstream. Furthermore, skin and oral mucosa are immunological and non-immunological barriers which imposes an index of protection, since these seats are in permanent contact with the external environment and various microscopic insects.
Even without the enjoyment during sex can be infected with the AIDS virus?
Although the AIDS virus be more present in greater amounts in seminal fluid, this is not the only way the virus is transmitted in a sexual relationship. There is also the possibility of infection expelled before secretion ejaculation(Pre-seminal fluid) or by secretion of the vagina. Factors that increase the risk of HIV transmission in these cases are: advanced immunodeficiency, passive anal intercourse, sex act during the period menstrualou the presence of other STDs such as chancroid, syphilis and genital herpes.
The kiss, if one partner has sores or cracks in the mouth is a route of transmission of HIV?
According to studies, there is no evidence of transmission of HIV by kissing. So that there was possibility of transmission, it is necessary that there was a serious injury and bleeding gums in the mouth. HIV can be found in the saliva, but found the substances therein are capable of neutralizing it. Practices such as kissing on the mouth, smoking the same cigarette, drink from the same glass, any potential risks.
The practice of unprotected oral sex carries the risk of HIV infection?
Compared to other forms of infection (vaginal penetration, intra-anal sex and needle sharing by IDUs), the risk related to oral sex is low. However, offers greater risks for those who practice (ie, the active partner), depending primarily on the amount of virus in the blood or semen of infected individuals and the possible presence of injury to the mouth of those who practice (gingivitis, canker sores, bruises caused by brush Tooth). If there is no wound in the mouth, the risk is lower. This may be explained, perhaps, by the acidity of the stomach, which can render the virus inactive AIDS when swallowed. However, in unprotected oral sex, the risk of contracting herpes, urethritis, hepatitis B, or HPVRegardless of serology partner.
To avoid transmission of HIV is recommended condom use during sex, use of disposable syringes and needles, test blood to be transfused and wear and gloves when handling potentially contaminated wounds or liquids. Pregnant women should get tested for AIDS test and start prenatal care as soon as possible.
1. Open the package carefully - never with teeth - not to pierce the condom. Put the condom only when the penis is erect.
2. Tighten the tip to remove air and unroll the condom to the base of the penis. Only use water-based lubricant. Avoid petrolatum and other lubricating oil base.
3. After ejaculation, remove the condom with hard cock. Closing the opening with your hand to prevent sperm from leaking out of the condom.
4. Tie a knot in the middle of the condom and throw it in the trash. Never use a condom more than once. Using a condom twice does not prevent against disease and pregnancy.
1. Holding the condom with the outer ring hanging down.
2. Squeeze the inner ring and insert into the vagina; with the index finger, push the condom as far as it (the condom should cover the cervix).
3. The outer ring should be a 3 cm out of the vagina - do not be surprised because that part that sticks out serves to enhance protection (during penetration, penis, and vagina widen and and then the condom fits better).
4. Until you and your partner have safety guide his penis with your hand into your vagina.