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Hairy leukoplakia Oral (OHL)

If too much myelin is lost and not replaced by oligodendrocytes, the nerves are damaged and often stop working correctly.

Leukoplakia Looks ugly? And it is. Only hurts a thousand times more than is ugly. I served as a volunteer in the CRTA, when I lived in the home support Brenda Lee and God knows the things I saw, that the capiroto doubted that human beings were capable of doing
What is it? Oral Piloseal Leukoplakia (OHL) refers to a white plaque - or white plaques - that can develop in the mouth. These plaques usually occur along the sides of the tongue, although they may sometimes develop on the top and bottom of the tongue or along the inside of the cheek. By looking carefully at these plates, they may look disheveled or may contain a number of small folds or ridges. OHL may appear to be cold, another common problem characterized by white plaques that may develop in the mouths of HIV-positive people. However, the cold sore usually leaves when shaved with a toothbrush, while the OHL does not. hairy leukoplakia in alcohol addictsOHL is usually one of the first opportunistic infections to occur in HIV-positive people. It can occur in any of the T-cell counts. HIV-positive people with more than 500 T-cells have developed OHL, but it is more common among HIV-positive people with fewer than 200 T-cells. It is also important to note that OHL can occur in people with healthy immune systems, including those who are not infected with HIV. This disease is considered benign, meaning that it rarely causes serious physical problems and does not progress to more serious complications. OHL is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Most people in the world are infected with EBV. Only in some people, including those with compromised immune systems, does disease.

More than 25% of HIV-positive people develop OHL at some point during the course of their infection. It is more common among men and smoking HIV-positive.

 


What is and what symptoms?

  A Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML, in English) is an infection in the brain that life-threatening and can occur in people living with HIV. It is caused by a virus - the JC virus. "JC" are the initials of the first patient to be diagnosed with PML. The polyoma virus is a virus of the family which includes human papillomavirus (HPV).
The "progressive" term in PML means that it continues to get worse and usually leads to severe brain damage. The term "multifocal" means that the virus "JC" cause diseases in various parts of the brain. The "leukoencephalopathy" means that the disease affects the white matter of the brain. More specifically, the JC virus infects brain cells called oligodendrocytes. These cells are responsible for producing myelin, a fatty substance that helps protect the nerves in the brain. If too much myelin is lost and not replaced by oligodendrocytes, the nerves are damaged and often stop working correctly.
Over 85% of adults worldwide are infected with the JC virus, usually during the early childhood years. However, the virus only becomes active in people who have an active immune system. This includes people undergoing immunosuppressive chemotherapy for cancer and people with compromised immune systems due to HIV. Before using the combination of antiretroviral (ARV) therapy, it was estimated that between 3 and 7 percent of people with AIDS developed PML. It usually occurs in people with very low CD4 cell counts (less than 100) but was seen in some HIV-positive people with CD4 cell counts in 500. In the early years of the AIDS epidemic, PML was often progressive and fatal. Death occurred between 1 and 4 months after the onset of the first symptoms. While the diagnosis of PML today remains rapid in its progression and possibly fatal, improvements in our ability to stabilize the immune system using HIV drugs have helped improve the prognosis associated with this opportunistic infection. PML symptoms include mental deterioration, loss of vision, speech disorders, ataxia (inability to coordinate movements), paralysis, and coma. In rare cases, seizures may occur. As injuries and nerve damage can occur in any part of the brain, the initial symptoms may be different among people with the disease. Translation Rodrigo S Pelegini
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About Claudio Souza do Soropositivo.Org (507 articles)
Yes, this is the photo of me! My niece asked me to put this picture on my profile! .... I had here a description of me that one person described as "irreverent". This is really a euphemistic way of classifying what was here. All I know is that an "NGO" which occupies a building of 10 floors has established a partnership with me, and I have the logs of the partnership time, which was more a vampirism because for each 150 people leaving my site, clicking on them, there was, on average, one that came in. WHEN I ENTERED AND ENTERED
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