Good medical care, including access to drugs for HIV/ AIDS can mean a longer, healthier life for people living with HIV. The current treatment does not cure HIV, but the virus remains under control, allowing the immune system to stay strong.
The number of illnesses and deaths in people with HIV fell sharply after the emergence of combination therapy (the cocktail) was first used in the mid-1990.
Since then there were no major improvements in HIV treatment, except for the appearance of new drugs. Research has shown that HIV treatment means that someone with HIV has a life expectancy of more or less "normal".
Quite simply, HIV treatment works!
To get the maximum benefits of HIV treatment with ART (antiretroviral therapy) you need to take their treatment seriously, in the way your doctor has prescribed, every day.
For most people get HIV treatment, which means that one or two tablets once per day. Many people will forget a dose at some point, but most anti-HIV agents will continue to work, if you lose an occasional dose and take it a few hours later.
You will have higher probability of getting the most benefit from HIV treatment if you begin to do this treatment before HIV have done much damage to your immune system. In Brazil, the standards of HIV treatment and care are set and controlled by the National STD / AIDS and Viral Hepatitis, an agency of the Ministry of Health.
Guidance on HIV treatment currently recommend that, after diagnosis, follow up the following guidelines drawn from the website of the National STD / AIDS and Viral Hepatitis:
After receiving the diagnosis of HIV infection, the patient should make an appointment with an AIDS specialist in the Specialized Assistance Service (SAE).
On that first visit, the patient must inform the initial medical history, diagnostic time, it has presented a serious disease and what are the conditions and lifestyle habits. Most likely, the first appointment, the doctor ask tests such as: complete blood count (blood), urine, feces, glucose (sugar), cholesterol and triglycerides (fats), X-ray chest, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis and CD4 + T lymphocyte count tests (indicates the defense system) and viral load (the amount of virus circulating in the blood).
Depending on the outcome of the clinical and laboratory tests, it may be necessary for the HIV-positive to start antiretroviral therapy, which is drug treatment. The doctor will follow the patient, who must return regularly to the office within the time determined by the professionals. At SAE, consultations with psychologists, social workers, nutritionists, nurses and pharmacists are also available.
Consultation with the health professional is the right time to clarify any doubts. The patient should know how to take the medicines, what times they fit the routine or how to adjust their daily habits to take the medication regularly. The doctor should talk about the symptoms that can be caused by the medicines and what should be done if any of these side effects arise - most of the symptoms disappear within a few days. This first contact with the doctor is the initial step to successful treatment.
The team involved in the care of HIV-positive people has all the conditions to respond on any matter related to the treatment and prevention of the disease. So always ask about anything you have doubts about!
Start treatment based on these guidelines, it has proven effective in reducing the risk of diseases related to HIV and some other serious illnesses such as heart disease, kidney and liver disease.
In some situations, it may be desirable that one treatment starts earlier. These situations include:
- If you have a disease related to HIV
- If you have hepatitis
- If you need treatment for cancer
- If you're over 50 years, or
- To reduce the risk of transmitting HIV.
Once you've started treatment, it is important to take all doses of antiretroviral drugs correctly.
This means it is very unlikely that the drug will stop working because HIV has become resistant to them just by having delayed, in a few hours, a dose of antiretroviral. You can find more about HIV treatment in this book of the page PN / STD / AIDS / HV.
Like any other medicines, medicines used to treat HIV can have unwanted effects that are sometimes unpleasant or can even harm him.
These are called side effects. Sometimes they are also called side effects, adverse events or adverse reactions.
Importantly, the benefits of HIV treatment far outweigh the risk of side effects.
The anti-HIV drugs used today because far fewer side effects than those used in the past. The spectrum of choice of antiretroviral drugs is much higher now, and change the combination of drugs is something that can usually be done if your antiretroviral drug to cause side effects. You do not have to "grin and bear" as at the beginning of this way of treating HIV infection, with their side effects.
Today, we are in 2015, it is much simpler to treat HIV infection
Note the Seropositive Web Site Editor: I remember for choosing to die without vomiting six times a day, one every dose of AZT, than take "this remedy from hell", as raised my spirit, every time the nurse came with the _maldito AZT_!
Times have changed and, once it has been very difficult to treat themselves against HIV infection, which at the time I found myself HIV positive was a literally non-existent concept because carry HIV meant even have AIDS today is much simpler.
On the other hand, other than this "simplicity" an excuse to think ":
"Wow! Yay! We can have sex without a condom! ".
Na, ni, in no!
There is life with HIV. But it is much better to live without it!