Another complication that may arise with age, excess weight and the use of certain drugs is the increase in blood glucose. The liver damage or hepatitis C co-infection, physical inactivity, hypertension, high levels of blood lipids and lipodystrophy are also risk factors that cause increased glucose.
Glucose is a sugar. The sugars are needed to provide energy for the body. Insulin is a hormone that processes them so that they can enter the cell and converted into energy.
Insulin also regulates glucose production in the liver, their levels in blood and metabolic aspects of fat cells.
Insulin resistance is the term that is used when the system stops working properly. Although the body produce more insulin to compensate, if the resistance continues, and glucose levels remain high, you may end up developing a diabetes type 2.
Diabetes type 2 is a disease that develops slowly, but its health consequences can be very serious. Some protease inhibitors may contribute to increased levels of glucose and risk of diabetes.
Insulin levels are difficult to measure, but glucose is measured routinely. Just as occurs with cholesterol and triglycerides, in order to detect possible increases is important that you are fasting when an analysis.
If you have been diagnosed with insulin resistance, can prevent the development of diabetes by reducing the amount of calories in your diet and avoid eating sugar, certain carbohydrates like white flour and potatoes, and food fast food in general.
On the other hand, more complex carbohydrates such as bread or pasta made with full farina, as well as many vegetables, provide energy more slowly and with less impact on blood sugar levels.
The practice of physical exercise and giving up smoking are also very important. If all these measures fail, your doctor may choose to prescribe oral antidiabetics, which, like drugs to reduce lipids, may need a dose adjustment.
The metformin can be beneficial to people with insulin resistance and hypertrophy, and rosiglitazone or pioglitazone can help to having resistance to insulin and lipoatrophy, although its use with antiretroviral is complex due to the possibility of interactions.
The main symptoms of high levels of glucose or diabetes type 2 are: excessive feeling of thirst or hunger, fatigue, concentration problems, blurred vision, unexplained weight loss, need to urinate frequently, slow healing of wounds, stabbing hands or feet (Neuropathy -. Opens in another browser tab Only click if you have psychological balance to powerful images of human-suffering), Nausea or vomiting.
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