Se você estiver “HIV positivo” ou soropositivo isto significa que você tem um vírus chamado HIV em seu corpo. Isso não significa que você está doente, ou que você tem AIDS, ou que você está morrendo.
Se você tiver o HIV, mas não tiver tratamento, o HIV vai lentamente atacar o sistema imunitário, que é o seu corpo a capacidade de luta contra outras infecções.
But there are drug treatments for HIV. They can stop the reproduction of HIV, and thus limit the damage to your immune system and keep you in good health. Because of these drugs, most people living with HIV can expect to have a normal life expectancy (see Life goes on).
‘AIDS’ é diferente do HIV. AIDS pode acontecer se alguém passa um longo tempo sem tratamento e o sistema imunológico fica muito fraco. Isso significa que uma pessoa com HIV está em risco de desenvolver infecções graves e doenças que um sistema imunológico saudável seria capaz de lutar.
Graças aos tratamentos medicamentosos, poucas pessoas desenvolvem AIDS. Se eles o fazem, geralmente podem recuperar. O vídeo no final deste texto é longo, porém instrutivo!
A sigla em HIV para o vírus da imunodeficiência humana. AIDS significa Síndrome da Imunodeficiência Adquirida.
Keep an eye on your health
The physical appearance of someone you can not know if you have HIV or not. And it is not always possible to know how is your health.
But blood tests can show how HIV is affecting your health. If you are or not in treatment, it is important to have some tests done regularly.
An important test is called CD4 count and is a measure of the strength of your immune system. A low CD4 cell count means that HIV is damaging your immune system. Most CD4 cell count shows that your immune system is stronger.
Another test is called viral load. It is a measure of the amount of HIV in a sample of blood. If you are on treatment, viral load shows how your treatment is working - the smaller the better.
You will probably be asked to have these tests every few months. They will help you and your doctor make decisions about your health and treatment.
As HIV progresses
HIV weakens the immune system very slowly, so you will not necessarily feel unwell. You may briefly have something like a flu during the first few weeks after infection - this is known as a "seroconversion disease." After that, most people have symptoms between two and fifteen years after HIV infection. The average, however, is about seven years.
Mas muitas pessoas não são diagnosticadas com HIV imediatamente após serem infectadas. Há muitas vezes uma diferença de meses ou anos.
If you have HIV for a long time before taking the test, you may already be sick and your doctor may recommend that you start treatment right away. Being sick with AIDS, can cause you to have to take many important decisions in a short period of time; which is why you should whenever you have an unsafe sex, get tested for HIV.
Treatment of HIV
HIV treatment usually consists of taking pills once or twice a day, maybe more (Translator's note: There was a time when only AZT I took 24 of them per day). The drugs stop the virus from reproducing and help reduce the amount of HIV inside your body.
- Se houver menos HIV, há menos danos ao seu sistema imunológico, e você fica menos propenso a desenvolver doenças oportunistas.
- And if there is less HIV in your body, there will also be less HIV in your body fluids, such as sperm for example, or vaginal discharge in another example, and this decreases the likelihood of transmitting HIV to a sexual partner or to your baby During the pregnancy. This is the concept of PrEP.
The goal of HIV treatment is to have an "undetectable viral load" - this means that there is only a small amount of HIV in the body. But drugs are not a way to get the cure - they can not end the HIV in your body. HIV infection or AIDS are chronic diseases
Today, anti-HIV agents have fewer side effects than the drugs used in the past.
Most of the side effects are caused by the body getting used to a new drug and they go after a few weeks. Some people feel sick with diarrhea or feel more tired than usual. The more severe and long-term side effects are much less common. If a drug causes you problems, your doctor may usually give you another antiretroviral drug.
I should have treatment for HIV?
TRANSLATOR NOTE: This text was drafted into the reality of people living in the UK, where the therapy protocol following the parameters below in gray. Right after them, I put how things are in Brazil green
Not all people with HIV choose to take anti-HIV drugs soon after. Treatment normally be recommended:
- If its CD4 count is below 350,
- If HIV is to do you harm,
- If you have other health condition, such as hepatitis and tuberculosis,
- If you are pregnant, or
- If you wish to participate, in order to reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to a sexual partner.
In other circumstances the treatment may not be needed immediately.
In Brazil the recommendation of the Ministry of Health and the National STD / AIDS and Viral Hepatitis Program is that treatment be started immediately after diagnosis, a fact that later came to be corroborated by the START study as the most beneficial for the person living with HIV
However, you should only start treatment when you are ready for it. Give yourself enough time to promote a meeting with your self so that you feel able to manage the treatment without making mistakes. This treatment does not have much room for mistakes and starts it in a bad way because it leads to the resistance of "your HIV" to drug resistance and there, my dear reader ... (...) ... Begin the conscious treatment that it is for the rest of the Life and do not take too long to convince yourself that this is the best option, since every day that passes counts against you
Taking drugs in the right time according to the prescription.
This is often called "accession", and that means taking the drugs:
- At the right time, at the right dose, and follow the advice on food and drink.
Nurses, pharmacists and doctors in his clinic can help you with that. You may need to develop a routine that helps you remember to take the drug at the same time each day.
If you sometimes forget to take their pills, medications you are taking can stop working properly. If this happens would require you to change your treatment.
Looking after your health
As for any other person, taking care of your health involves more than an astonishing number of tablets.
This will also help if you can do them:
- Rest and sleep so that you can relax and strengthen your immune system.
- Eat a balanced diet to maintain a healthy weight and give you energy and get the nutrients your body needs.
- Do some exercise, a simple walk three times a week, which is good for the heart, lungs, circulation and mobility.
- Stop smoking if you are a smoker.
- Talk to people and seek support (isolation and stress are bad for your health as well).
As well as improve your physical health, all these things are good for your feelings and your emotional well-being. For example, exercise can make you feel more relaxed and energized.
Em tempos difíceis, você pode descobrir que você vai querer usar mais álcool ou outras drogas psicotrópicas. Eles podem ajudá-lo a esquecer, ou parar de pensar sobre as coisas. Ao mesmo tempo que eles podem oferecer alívio temporário, contando com eles é provável que seus sentimentos se tornam mais difíceis de se lidar no longo prazo. Muita bebida ou uso de drogas geralmente trazem seus próprios problemas e, convenhamos, nós já temos problemas demais só com a infecção por HIV.
Translated and adapted by Claudio Original Souza Santos in Health Issues
A lot of what is said there are things that I went through. I isolated myself in an apartment for three months, and even my power this brought by a taxi driver, which I paid the race, simply because "I did not want to see us."
It was the worst trip, and it was my wife who saved me, not only the love I needed for it but also the patience and diligence to endure me, even in my worst moments, when I could not even bear it.
Me “amar”, hoje, é fácil. Estou bem e equilibrado. Mas àquela criatura monstruosa que eu era, completamente enlouquecida, por coisas que nem vale a pena mencionar.
Eu a amo e isso é indissolúvel. E, se ela partir antes de mim, pode nao haver outra, mesmo que isso me leve à morte…