WHO certifies Cuba as 1th country in the world to have eradicated vertical transmission of HIV
In 2013, only two newborns came to light with HIV and three with syphilis in Cuba.
WHO explains that "Efficient system of primary care explain situation".
The World Health Organization (WHO) has confirmed on Tuesday (30) Cuba as the first nation on the planet to eradicate vertical transmission of HIV
"Cuba's success demonstrates that universal access and universal health coverage are viable and are indeed the key to success, even against such complex challenges as HIV," said Carissa Etienne, director of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), a WHO regional affiliate, at a press conference.
Only two children were born HIV-infected in Cuba in year two thousand and thirteen and only three were born with congenital syphilis - far below the minimum criteria of the World Health Organization (WHO or WHO) to consider elimination of transmission.
According to Cuban Public Health Minister Roberto Morales Ojeda, WHO's recognition "is a high recognition of the Cuban national health system," which he said was "accessible, free and universal."
The great success of Cuba, the most overwhelming nation during 50 years, who kindly sent its doctors, reigning excellently to Brazil, in the most criticized program "Mais Médicos", only comes to attest the planetary necessity to guarantee universal access to the treatment and, above all , to emphasize prevention and awareness campaigns on the disease, said Etienne.
"So it is possible to face natural disasters, infectious diseases or anything else," he said.
Still, according to the Organization, six other countries and territories in the Americas are in a position to request WHO to validate the double elimination of these diseases: Anguilla, Barbados, Canada, the United States, Montserrat and Puerto Rico.
Eight more countries in the region have succeeded in eliminating just mother-to-child transmission of HIV and 14 have succeeded in eliminating only transmission of congenital syphilis, the organization said in a statement.
According to the WHO, around 1,4 million women living with HIV become pregnant every year in the world, and if they do not receive treatment there is a possibility of up to 45% of vertical transmission of acquired immunodeficiency virus (AIDS) to their shoots
However, as of 2009, the number of unborn children with HIV dropped by almost half a year, from four hundred thousand to two hundred and forty thousand in 2013.
On the other hand, nearly one million pregnant women worldwide become infected with syphilis annually, which can result in death or serious neonatal infections.