As mentioned above, any number of factors can make people more likely to have age-related diseases and conditions at higher rates and younger ages. People with HIV are more likely to have some of these risk factors than HIV-negative people - for example, more smoke and are more likely to be infected with other harmful viruses and thus leading them to have worse health as they get older. Researchers also wondered how or whether HIV of all by itself is a risk factor for diseases and conditions related to age.
There is no doubt that many of the diseases associated with aging occur at higher rates in people with HIV and in much younger people than in people not infected with the virus. Here are just a few of the conditions:
- Weakened bones the loss of muscle mass and fat redistribution
- liver disease
- kidney disease
What some experts argue, however, is that a number of factors other than HIV can contribute significantly to these problems. Consider the following:
- People with HIV take ARVs, some of which may contribute to bone loss, kidney damage, fat and cholesterol redistribution, and elevated triglycerides.
- People living with HIV are much more likely than the general population to be co-infected with hepatitis A and hepatitis C or sometimes all three and these increase the risk of liver cancer, liver failure, kidney disease, and diabetes.
- People living with HIV are often more likely to be chronically infected with human papillomavirus (HPV), which causes cervical and anal cancer, as well as cancers of the head, neck, and throat.
- People living with HIV are up to three times more likely to smoke tobacco, which is a major cause of heart attack, stroke, lung cancer and emphysema.
- People with HIV have rates of mental illness and substance abuse that are often higher than in people who do not have HIV, and these diseases increase the risk of numerous other illnesses.
- HIV can directly infect essential tissues in the bone, brain, circulatory system and elsewhere, and this can cause inflammation and damage related to the heart, nervous system, liver and kidneys.
Translator's Note: This tells you that suffers from an eternal vasculitis that has earned me two pulmonary embolisms (almost went to the double room) and at least half a dozen thrombophlebitis; to avoid major risks submitted myself to a relatively simple surgery that installed a filter in the vena cava that has no other purpose than to prevent formed clots in the veins of the lower limbs gain access to my body can, when little, make a " emboliazinha "pulmonary and, at best, a stroke of unknowable consequences. That's because I have only 51 years and embolisms began in 2005 when I was 41 years
These factors are likely to play important roles in increasing the rates of aging-related diseases and the conditions observed in people with HIV. What the experts have yet to come to agreement on is how HIV itself can further aggravate underlying risk factors through inflammation and has age-related immunosenescence known to contribute to the aging process and related problems.
Researchers are working hard to understand the swiftness of inflammation, and age-related immunosenescence occurs in people with HIV after they become infected. There is no evidence that it begins to happen very soon after a person contracts HIV, but that good virus control (either because a person naturally controls HIV well or because he or she does ART) can cause this process slows down.
Experts have not yet reached an agreement on the best way to measure inflammation and assess age-related immunosenescence, and we do not yet know how much they contribute independently for aging and for the emergence of related diseases either in HIV-negative patients people or people with HIV. Research work is under way, however, to try to answer these questions. However, there is much that the average person living with HIV can do to reduce the risk of many diseases related to age and conditions.
Translated from Original in English em Are people with HIV aging more rapidly? By Claudio Souza Revised and also by Claudio Souza due to complications in personal life Mara Macedo which usually makes revisions