As mentioned above, any number of factors can make people more likely to have age-related diseases and conditions higher rates and younger ages. People with HIV are more likely to present some of these risk factors than people who are HIV negative - for example, more smoke and are more likely to be infected with other harmful viruses and hence causing them to have poorer health as they age. The researchers also asked how or whether all HIV per se is a risk factor for diseases and conditions related to age.
There is no doubt that many of the diseases associated with aging occur at higher rates in people with HIV and much younger than people not infected with the virus. Here are just some of the conditions:
- Weakened bones the loss of muscle mass and fat redistribution
- liver disease
- kidney disease
What some experts argue, however, that a number of factors other than HIV can contribute significantly to these problems. Consider the following:
- People with HIV ARVs, some of which may contribute to bone loss, kidney damage, redistribution of fat and cholesterol and high triglycerides.
- People living with HIV are much more likely than the general population and be co-infected with hepatitis A hepatitis B and hepatitis C or sometimes all three and they increase the risk of liver cancer, liver failure, kidney disease and diabetes.
- People living with HIV are often more likely to be chronically infected with human papilloma virus (HPV) that causes cervical and anal cancer as well as cancers of the head, neck and throat.
- People with HIV are three times as likely to smoke tobacco, which is a major cause of heart attack, stroke, emphysema and lung cancer.
- People with HIV have mental illness and substance abuse rates that are often higher than in people who do not have HIV, and these diseases increase the risk of many other diseases.
- HIV can directly infect the essential tissues in the bone, brain, circulatory system and elsewhere, and that can cause inflammation and damage related to the heart, nervous system, liver and kidneys.
Translator's Note: This tells you that suffers from an eternal vasculitis that has earned me two pulmonary embolisms (almost went to the double room) and at least half a dozen thrombophlebitis; to avoid major risks submitted myself to a relatively simple surgery that installed a filter in the vena cava that has no other purpose than to prevent formed clots in the veins of the lower limbs gain access to my body can, when little, make a " emboliazinha "pulmonary and, at best, a stroke of unknowable consequences. That's because I have only 51 years and embolisms began in 2005 when I was 41 years
These factors likely play important roles in the increase in disease rates related to aging and the conditions observed in people with HIV. What the experts have not reached agreement is how the HIV infection itself may further exacerbate underlying risk factors through inflammation and has age-related immunosenescence known to contribute to the aging process and related issues.
Researchers are working hard to try to understand how quickly inflammation and age-related immunosenescence occurs in people with HIV after becoming infected. There is no evidence that it starts to happen very soon after a person contracting HIV, but good control of the virus (or because a person naturally control HIV better or because he or she make ART) can cause this process to slow down.
Experts have not yet reached an agreement on the best way to measure inflammation and evaluate the immunosenescence age-related, and we still do not know how much they contribute independently to aging and the appearance of related diseases, either in HIV-negative patients people or people with HIV. Are ongoing research, however, try to answer these questions. However, there is much that the average person living with HIV can do to reduce the risk of many age-related diseases and conditions.
Translated from Original in English em Are people with HIV aging more rapidly? By Claudio Souza Revised and also by Claudio Souza due to complications in personal life Mara Macedo which usually makes revisions