Primary HIV Infection

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Primary HIV infection

Michael Carter, Greta Hughson

young woman dancing flamenco with castanets isolated on whiteThe first few months after Contact with HIV are part of a context we call primary infection, or acute HIV infection. During this early stage of HIV infection, the human immune system is completely unprepared to fight the virus, which in the meantime reproduces at very high rates of replication!

Um virus load at this time of infection will always result in a very high level of virus copies per ml of Blood (Translator's note: mine was over three million)) - and often much higher than in any other stage of the HIV infection itself. To make matters worse, in many people there is a dramatic drop in the CD4 cell count in these patients, which, in addition to exposing the person to a greater number of opportunistic diseases, still lowers the mood of the patient in question.

Diagnosing Primary HIV Infection

Hot sexy woman in white shirt with two lights from behind
And so ... I fell ....

The primary HIV infection has much in common with the symptoms of flu or another viral disease without greater importance. To these symptoms often called seroconversion illness. Or acute retroviral syndrome. A number around 90% of those who were diagnosed as HIV positive will have experienced one or more of these symptoms, usually during the first four weeks after the initial exposure to the virus: fever, rash, headache "a certain uneasiness, pain canker sores or mouth ulcers, sore throat, night sweats, weight loss, fatigue without apparent cause, swollen glands, weight loss, and some neurological symptoms such as meningitis (translator's note: I started just by meningitis that ISCMSP treated as influenza ().

These symptoms typically appear a few days or weeks after Contact with the virus (HIV) and may persist for a period of two to four weeks, although the swollen glands can last longer.

However, some people may not have symptoms of any kind, or try them imperceptibly and, therefore, it is imperative that you take the exam for the detection of HIV whenever you have gone through a onere situation, free will or forced (the) you may have adopted some risky behavior - Remember. Health professionals do not expect you to be a saint or a saint, many of them already have, within their families, people living with HIV or AIDS

Although many people with primary HIV infection seek medical attention for their symptoms, the diagnosis is often missed because of the similarity with other diseases.

Very few people with these symptoms go to a clinic for sexual health and seek an HIV test.

However, efforts are underway to increase HIV testing rates. Groups of people at high risk for HIV (in particular African and gay men) should be encouraged to go to a Guidance and Counseling Center Serologic -COAS- to take an HIV test when they are seen by a doctor or other health professional when they have symptoms of primary HIV infection.

During this period HIV test

Children with HIV

After infection with HIV, it is possible for months have passed until the body to generate immune cells that can recognize infected cells producing HIV or antibodies against HIV. The time period that the organism takes to produce defense against HIV is called seroconversion. Before that, every HIV test, regardless of the efficiency of the same, always result negative.

During primary infection by HIV, or suspected of it, other forms of testing may be used to detect the presence of the virus (or an antigen). Such tests respond to a specific protein of HIV, although when HIV becomes fully established in the body protein will fade to undetectable levels, and the test will be inaccurate. Tests that detect the genetic material of HIV can identify HIV in blood within one week of infection and continue to function after seroconversion.

In the UK most clinical of clinical care to sexual health will play KIT combining both tests in an attempt to get the most accurate results possible. These tests are known generally as fourth generation tests.

If you are concerned about having close or close contact with someone who may be HIV positive, DO NOT SPEND TIME, talk to your trusted doctor, seek COAS, go to an AMA or equivalent in your city , such as UBS and get tested for HIV. If the risk you've had is still within the last 72 hours, you or he or she should discuss the feasibility or otherwise of performing a claimed treatment post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) or would not be appropriate for your situation

Treatment in primary infection

In the United Kingdom, it is recommended that treatment for HIV infection begin when the CD4 cell count reaches a count of 350 cells per milliliter of blood, * The START STUDY changed these guidelines and, these days, I'm editing in December of 2018. However, in Brazil the rules are different and the order is to start as soon as it becomes known (This was not the case, in my case, and I had to watch, because of determinations of the "National STD / AIDS program", my $ CD count dropped gradually, gradually and inexorably, and when the CD4 count came close to 375 and only then I was able to get my treatment (...).


One of the booklets in our illustrated series, The Basics, is designed to help support a conversation about the issues. Its called very recent infection and you can find it on our website at thebasics

. Some studies have even the suggestion that prolonged treatment in these circumstances has had the peculiarity of making not only reach CD4 count reaches these thresholds and also its natural ability to control and fight against HIV. Moreover, it is not known to say how will evolve the disease and there is not even a prediction that when a patient makes prolonged treatment Going forward, other studies have failed to succeed when trying to get the same therapeutic results, and therefore there is no base scientifically proven that it can give approval to this "treatment".

So far the only right thing to do is to treat, according to current protocols, post infection therapy if:

If you have any AIDS-defining illness

  • If your nervous system (brain, cervical spine or nerves) are affected by HIV.
  • If you have a CD4 count below 350

Translator's Note: I am going through a thorough investigation of HIV and my nervous system, and although I have a CD4 count above 1.000 and an undetectable viral load for at least ten years, my infectious one has referred me to the neurologist to investigate what "could be * that dark spot * in my resonance that nobody had noticed her until then (...).

Note, however, that treatment decisions must be taken case by case, always According to the general conditions of the patient, including also the possibility donates person concerned has the possibility to take them without gear personal problems and it must be done with based on dialogue with your doctor.


hiv scheme
This is the face of the adversary

Because of the extremely high viral load that occurs in the early stages of HIV infection is to take into account that unprotected sex is impractical hypothesis from the perspective medical and optical ethics.

Safe sex, which usually include preservatives (condoms), is particularly important to reduce the HIV infection. Treatment for HIV deducts personal health risks and also the infectivity of it. If you are concerned about the possibility of transmitting HIV to their partners, it should be also one of its arguments before your doctor about taking antiretroviral drugs still in primary infection.
Editor's Note Soropositivo Web Site:

Maybe u find a big mess I "spend time and burn mufa to translate this text and yet it is not.

el guapoI know hundreds of people who come to me here on the net, with the aim of whether it may or may not have HIV. Most of them, when I say that the only way to learn is by doing the exam, refuse peremptorily to do so. And I consider this attitude a great nonsense and, from the perspective of this text comes to seem a gesture of immense cowardice or indecisiveness, a subject that the more we advance in the production of texts, but I insist that people should get tested immediately . Finish reading, take a bath (if you have water in your home) or not, and go to a UBS or AMA, explain the situation; if you do not want the thing itself be parochial, go to the Emilio Ribas in Sao Paulo or the House of AIDS in Pine and take the exam

If you give positive vc receive emotional support and guidance that will help save not only your life, like the lives of their partners (unless, of course, that u only trance enemies ...).

Making quickly test vc brings you all the benefits indicated in the text like this:

"The basics, is designed to help support a conversation about the issues. It's called Very recent infection and you can find it on our website at "

This link opens to a page in English, in the process of being translated.

As you say that pamphlet of the Ministry of Health in Brazil: Having AIDS is not good. Having not know is even worse ...

Imagine that you, like me, are HIV positive. And?

I've been with this for almost twenty years, I think there's a little more time and I'm doing well, thank you.

It was not this knowledge, and some of the doctors who treat me Hospital São Camilo I would never have been able to save my life on numerous occasions. On the other hand, I know of people who, after the positive diagnosis in their lives, after the initial shock gave them the opportunity to rewrite their lives, in poetic ways, with a refined spirit, as if it were a new human being , better and more attuned to life, than the previous, who only thought of the things that would bring immediate profit and pleasure.

Lungs healthy
I'd like to stop smoking. Champix would help. But….

Yes, it is true, it is a bar to receive this result; when I received 20 and so many years ago, I received a prognosis that I would only have six months to live, and it's already twenty years old!

IF I had not discovered my seropositivity in those days, the disease would certainly have evolved into AIDS, and I would have been afflicted by some opportunistic illness, I would have continued to have sex without a condom, and God only knew how many other women I would have infected ....

in good

Take the test and get to eat your shoulders the weight of the doubt ...

Primary HIV infection

Michael Carter, Greta Hughson

Published: March 04 2013

Translation and editing Claudio Souza

Source: Aidsmap


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5 Reviews

Thirty Nelson 10/02/2017 at 11:02

Good night, all good for you Mr Cladio. God abençoa you have helped many people with this your sit, saved many lives


Claudio Souza 15/02/2017 at 22:28

Thank you!

Claudio Souza 12/02/2017 at 15:34

I can not answer your question because I do not know how this is done in Portugal. This site is packed in Brazil

Thirty Nelson 16/02/2017 at 21:19

I have a question I want a clarification. I know someone (a friend) who is newly married (1 year) with a joven and during this year 1 married wrapped up without a condom with it. More without knowing the serological status of the partner, after 1 3 years and months it decided to do with your partner the test Hiv fast. The woman was detected positive Hiv and negative guy, and this test they did after 70 days of the last unprotected intercourse. She is already doing consultation, took the exam cd4 the test was negative, and the boy was recommended him to return to do the HIV test after 3 months. How is it possible? how to explain this? She already had HIV, or cheated on him with an HIV-positive? And so that will be as did the test after 70 days last Desprotejido involvement was not enfectado?

Claudio Souza 17/02/2017 at 04:01

Nelson ... It is very difficult to try to explain this sequence of events! To tell the truth, so it is clearly established, this site has been around for almost seventeen, as everyone can see here

During all this time, I never was awarded a case like that of his friend. I ask s you that your friend esclareçs, please, this whole plot to, if I can understand these facts, I could share this with my friends and HIV positive friends, all for over twenty years Sedo one a lady with more than seventy years! Maybe they pose help me clarify all this. Excuse me for not knowing how to respond, because in my view it all this is what happens in people's lives every day om someone who is "chosen to live, and I do not know for what purpose, I would say that which usually calls the impoderável. Thanks for visiting and at your disposal in an attempt to be able to see if all this it is face milling with the imponderable or another "thing."


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