2.Quão often burst condoms?
The studies do not agree on an exact rate overflow. Many studies on the effectiveness of condoms counted how often women whose partners used condoms for birth control and became pregnant. This "fee" failure includes cases where the couple did not use a condom every time they had intercourse or have used condoms incorrectly. Some studies included the times the condom was torn accidently by the people who used them. Studies in other countries, on overflow caused by defects in the condom itself show a burst rate ranging from 0% to 7%. In the United States, most studies show that the overflow rate is less than 2 for each 100 preservatives, probably for less than 1 100.
(CDC Bulletin, 28 January 1993, also talking about the Truth About Condoms.)
Studies have shown that condoms are 98% effective when used correctly. (J. Trussel, contraceptive failure in the United States:. An Update, birth control study, 21 (1), 1990) (Other studies show even better effectiveness) So if you are having sex, use condoms, and learn to use - it correctly.
Now, about sex education: no scientific study has proven the effectiveness of sexual abstinence. In fact, three studies showed that abstinence based education is not having the desired effect; teenagers are still having sex. (St. Christopher and M. Roosa, "An Evaluation of a Pregnancy Prevention Program Teen ,: And 'Just Say Enough to In' Family Relations, 39 (1990): 68-72; M. Roosa and St. Christopher? "Evaluation of an Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Program Abstinence-only ,: a Replication, Relations" Family, 39 (1990); 363-367, and SR Jorgensen, V. Potts, and B. Camp, six months Tracking one Pregnancy Prevention Program for Adolescents Relations "Family, 42 (1993): 401-06).
On the other hand, there is convincing evidence that "inclusive education" or "based on reality" (the kind that we advocate) is effective. Countries like England, Wales, France and the Netherlands that have adapted to sex education based on the reality of the facts had the teen pregnancy rates reduced from two to seven times while sexual activity rates remain about the same (50-60 %)! (EF Jones et al, pregnancy "Teenager in developed countries: determinants and implications".. Policy birth control PROSPECTS, 17 (2), 1985, 53-63.)
So why people are claiming that the exact opposite is true? It is hard to say; but I know there is a very conservative and fanatically religious group who are spreading lies about safe sex and sex education in an effort to impose its moral system throughout the world without regard for the catastrophic consequences for our "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness ". Fight back with the facts.
Editor's Note: The truth about condoms is that it can never be proven that the encouragement of sexual abstinence would be effective against HIV and AIDS. After my seroconversion I never connected with anyone else without the use of condoms and thanks to that I never transferred the virus to another host!
You can learn more about these topics from your library or the network. Here are some good places to look: