What is HIV?
HIV means - VIRUS OF HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY.
This virus was identified in the 19 decade80 and belongs to a group of viruses called 'retroviruses'.
HIV attacks the immune system.
It is now known that the decline in the CD4 count and the disease itself established as AIDS are just the "tip of the Iceberg", as my Angela, of all that begins to happen from the moment in which the HIV installs itself in its body in definitive and, make no mistake, you become the transmitter of the disease a few minutes after it sets in. PEP may help prevent the complete "installation of the disease, but during these days of PEP there may be circulating virus in the blood is in the sperm.
This tip of ICEBERG is the process of continuous generation and gradual generation of damage to it gradually. This process implies that without treatment and care a person with HIV is at risk of developing severe immunodeficiency and getting seriously ill.
Learning about HIV, its effects and treatments can help you understand the experiences of someone with HIV, and be able to help and guide without fears and mistrust.
Currently HIV treatment works by reducing the amount of VIRUS in the blood (it is already proven that there may be HIV in the semen, even though the viral load is undetectable) so that the immune system can work normally.
This does not free the patient completely from HIV, but with the right treatment and care, someone with HIV can have a long and healthy life expectancy. "My infected" has already reported patients approaching ninety years and I honestly did not even want to live so long ... (...) ...
HIV is present in blood, genital fluids (semen, vaginal fluids, and moisture in the rectum) and in breast milk.
The ways HIV can be transmitted to someone:
- During unprotected anal, vaginal and oral sex.
- Through the sharing of contaminated syringes and needles
- From mother to baby during pregnancy, childbirth or through breastfeeding.
But there are ways to prevent HIV infection in all these situations and the most efficient and important of them is safe sex with a condom, because PrEp can fail!
A test can tell if you have HIV. If you do, the diagnosis will be "SOUNDPROOF". At the beginning of the 21st century the diagnosis began to be defined as "REAGENT" for people who react positively against the HIV screening test after the immunological window and "NO REAGENT" for people who do not respond positively to this test after it Immunological window that in Brazil is from 30 days to 99% of people and from 60 days to 1%. You should read the article on the immunological window so as not to generate a self-generating hell in your spirit.
What's the connection? between HIV and AIDS?
AIDS is an acronym in English which, in good English means - (SYNDROME OF THE IMMUNODEFICIENCY ACQUIRED).
AIDS is the name used to describe a potentially life-threatening combination of infections and cancers that can develop when someone's immune system has been severely damaged by the action of HIV after years, years and years of silent HIV infection, when the CD4 count falls below a certain amount of CD4 cells in the blood. I should reinforce, based on the experience I had during a time when I sought to give some emotional support to people who, in some way, were innumerable ways, felt or really were entangled in the "webs of HIV life", what to do the blood count and the low white blood cell count in the most remote location may be indicative of the presence of HIV in the person's blood and, going further, is at the home of the paranoid delirium self-diagnose AIDS based on a low white blood cell count.
- I, the publisher of this site, want to tell my beloved readers that between the time they contract HIV and acute HIV infection, often invisible and at other times similar to any viruses such as influenza or measles, and which is so nonspecific that the wisest thing to do, in case of doubts is WAITING FOR THE IMMUNOLOGICAL WINDOW TIME, TAKING THE TESTS AND ACCEPT THE RESULT, EVEN WHEN EVERYTHING APPEARS TO INDICATE THAT YOU GIVE HIV AND THE EXAMINATION COME AS NOT REAGENT. TRUST IN GOD AND IN SCIENCE, DEVILS!
- You can not get AIDS and there is no AIDS test. HIV causes AIDS and is HIV which may be in its results if it has been specifically taken and not AIDS.
- It's no use you read about opportunistic infections (Yahoo answers is the worst place on earth to get answers), somatize them and believe that from yesterday to today, or even from the beginning of this semester to the end of it you will be immunodeficient developing opportunistic infections
- Also do not enter into the paranoia of believing a "elite controller", A rare condition, but that would not fool an examination after window periodor an 'immunosuppressive' condition so rare that there is not a single article for it in the wikipedia.
- In addition, the doctor asking for your test would be able to detect and suspect your possible condition of having autoimmune diseases, and would ask for further tests if this is considered necessary.
Being diagnosed with HIV or AIDS, when the disease has already developed, after years and years (and that is why it is absolutely necessary for you to do an HIV test after a risk / is or is not HIV reagent and complementary tests, respecting window period) and may present different forms in different people. To say that someone will simply die because they have AIDS is a great nonsense in the 21st Century, and you, I beg, think more and reason more deeply before coming to believe that you would not know how to live with HIV that you are not *so strong*.
There is life with HIV, and this is written at the top of my site, on every page of it for you SEE THAT AND BELIEVE IT - but it is important to have proper medical care and treatment and a more disciplined life.
Treatment with combinations of anti-HIV drugs may disrupt the HIV life cycle, halting virus replication and CD4 / CD8 cell counts, keeping the immune system healthy, and for that reason, the number of people diagnosed with AIDS has fallen and deaths due to opportunistic infections are increasing less constant (except in Africa, I would say), thanks to effective HIV treatment and many people who have had AIDS developed now live very well and can look to the future with the expectation of a long and healthy life, naturally, more disciplined.
What are the symptoms of HIV infection?
Symptoms vary from person to person. The only way to make sure you have HIV (HIV positive) is to get tested for HIV. You can not tell yourself or define yourself, or the other person as having HIV from symptoms alone and / or together.
If you have HIV, it is very important that you are diagnosed, to improve your chance of getting treatment and care, and to be well without being opportunistic infection.
Editor's note: I have experienced the drama of being able to contaminate someone unconsciously and God knows how much I suffered from it! And God knows how much I've cried with relief when I heard she was unreactive. God and the Devil looked the other way when she, on the pretext of solidarity, inferred the possibility of sending a basic basket every month to the support house where I went to live (testimony of a seropositive). And God and the Devil have kindly allowed me to see what it became after more than twenty years for me to be grateful to both of them for not having come back to me. (Deo Gratias)
Many people may have a short illness, similar to the flu, often called a 'seroconversion' disease, well after being infected with HIV. Typical symptoms of this disease include fever, sore throat, swollen glands, pains, and a spotted rash known as rash(another window, another site) and all this can also happen if you have measles, flu, chicken pox, so all of this is very generalized and nonspecific and it is much easier to somatize symptoms than to actually express them.
In some people this phase is so subtle that it goes unnoticed. Some people have a habit, I learned this by assisting people in my WhatsApp, to believe that other viruses, flu, measles, rubella, sometimes some rashes (pimples or mere organic responses to insignificant hostile agents are manifestations of this possible HIV infection which are often no more than somatizations and it is good to note the immunological window (30 to 60 days), take their examinations and ACCEPT YOUR RESULTS, and consider that the rapid tests of SUS are completely reliable and that, in spite of our deplorable political condition, "we have a gang in charge of the country", health professionals are serious, honest people who would denounce the poor quality of the service if this existed and, unfortunately, in certain corners, sometimes not so far removed from the great centers, that they are ill-informed or completely in the darkness; On the other hand, just as an example, I was, yesterday, October 20, 2017 at a Lapa Clinic in Lapa, where I was attended by such a distant neurologist, an obvious case of 'Deity Syndrome' that did not even make an examination in a consultation that lasted, if it lasted so long, less than fifteen minutes where he even listened to me (this is because it is a private clinic that I can attend -sic- thanks to a medical agreement).
However, because the symptoms are similar to the symptoms of many other viral conditions, HIV infection may not be diagnosed at the time of the infection if the examination was done before the time of the immunological window is completed and you should expect this term be fulfilled; nevertheless, if you who read me at this time believe that you may have been in contact with HIV in the last seventy-two hours, three days, stop this reading NOW and click here to know something about PEP.
If you think you might have been at risk of HIV contact (if you, for example, had unprotected sex) and already missed the deadline for PEP ☹ these symptoms may appear, about two weeks later, you might consider doing an HIV test immediately to make sure you are not seropositive and another one after the immunological window period.
After this initial illness, it is not uncommon for people to live with HIV and not have any symptoms. But the virus is still causing damage to the immune system, and without treatment most people with HIV will eventually become AIDS sufferer.
HIV-related diseases can cause a wide variety of symptoms. These may include fever and night sweats, high temperatures, a cough that will not go away, weight loss without apparent explanation, severe diarrhea, headaches, or persistent problems in the mouth and skin. Of course, these may all have other causes.
How do I know if I have HIV?
By doing an HIV test, that's the only way to know for sure if you have HIV.
If you have HIV, it is very important to have the diagnosis at hand. This will give you the best chance of getting treatment and antiretroviral you need to stay well.
Usually, when you go for an HIV test, you will get the opportunity to talk to someone first so that you can take any questions you might have, the person conducting the test will explain how the test works and how you will get the results.
So, depending on the type of test, you have a small sample of blood drawn from your arm, or a drop of blood taken from your finger. Some tests are performed using the fluids around your gums.
If the test says you are HIV Reagent, this means you have HIV. If the test says you are unreactive, this means that you do not have HIV. With some tests, you will need to have a proof of test if you, of course, get a positive result.
In many countries, including Brazil, HIV testing is free and confidential.
How many people Do you have HIV?
The United Nations / UNAIDS HIV / AIDS Program has published reports on global HIV before World AIDS Day at 1 in December. He said that at 2016, there were an estimated 36,7 million people living with HIV worldwide. There were an estimated 1,8 million new HIV infections in 2016.
It's hard to say for certain how many people have HIV because people often do not realize they have HIV and can live with it for some time before being diagnosed.
UNAIDS from the World Health Organization (WHO) produced numbers for the global epidemic and also for individual countries, based on numbers collected by the health service in each country.
Public Health England estimated that in 2015 the total number of people living with HIV in Brazil was approximately 70.000.
What life expectancy of someone with HIV?
With modern HIV treatment, many people are having a long and healthy life . In fact, doctors are hopeful that many people with HIV can live as long as their HIV-negative peers.
A great deal of effort has been made to make the treatment effective against VIRUS, with medicine available to everyone who needs it. However, this is not always possible in some parts of the world. Without treatment, people with HIV will eventually become ill, and their lives can be shortened dramatically.
Your best chance of getting well is to start treatment before HIV has done a lot of damage to your immune system. To do this you need to know that you have HIV. Many of the people who die of HIV from opportunistic diseases in countries where treatment is readily available have been diagnosed too late, often finding out when they are already very sick. This makes it very important to stay in the area of safe sex and, why not, regularly test yourself against HIV.
Como can I support someone I know Do you have HIV?
This will depend very much on the need of the other and their relationship of respect and character towards the HIV positive.
But make it clear that you are there to offer support, not judgment, and listening often strengthens and motivates the person to start over.
Learning about HIV, its effects and treatments can help you understand the experiences of someone with HIV, and be able to help and guide without fears and mistrust.
Finding out about other sources of support - both for the person with HIV and for yourself - is also probably a good idea. There are many organizations that provide information, advice and support around the world.
Como that HIV has affected the world
Untreated HIV infection eventually leads to AIDS. The first set of AIDS cases were reported in the USA in 1981 (I stopped living on the streets of São Paulo later this year). Doctors noting that homosexual men were becoming sick with a rare form of pneumonia (PCP) and a cancer called Kaposi's Sarcoma.
More AIDS cases were soon reported in homosexual men in other countries, including the UK. But it quickly became apparent that AIDS was affecting other groups as well.
Researchers worked and found that these men had an underlying infection, and that it was likely to be transmitted sexually and through blood.
By the middle of the 1980 years, the virus that is now known as HIV was identified.
Even before HIV was discovered, safe sex and drug use became established ways of reducing the risk of the disease.
As the virus spread throughout the world and many cases of deaths have occurred, research has begun to find a cure or vaccine. Drugs were developed but it became clear that treatment with a drug alone did not have expected effects in the medium to long term. Treatment with two anti-HIV drugs was shown to have more benefits, but the real breakthrough came with the development of new anti-HIV drugs that worked against the virus in a number of different ways, Protease Inhibitors.
In 1996, triple therapy for HIV treatment (often called 'combination therapy' or highly highly active antiretroviral therapy, or HAART) was introduced. This treatment was able to reduce the amount of virus in the blood and allow the immune system to strengthen. Thanks to this treatment, the number of AIDS deaths dropped dramatically in countries where treatment was widely available.
However, HIV was spreading rapidly in some parts of the world in poorer countries, especially in southern Africa where access to HIV treatment was widespread, in these countries only access to the drug is now beginning to become a reality.
The treatment against VIRUS were combinations difficult to take and many caused unpleasant side effects in the long run. I took DDI, also known as "videx" (a pqp) and in the long list of side effects was an almost insignificant called "fulminating pancreatitis which requires no further explanation ...
More powerful, easier and safer to take, other drugs were gradually being made available. Thanks to these and other improvements in HIV treatment, doctors are increasingly hopeful that many people with HIV will be able to live a normal life.
However, HIV continues to spread and now firmly established as an important health issue that in the midst of the 21st century is one of the most significant causes of illness and death in human history.
What are co-infections?
Tuberculosis (TB) and hepatitis are common in people who have HIV. These are diseases that may have a latent effect on HIV. In addition to being infected with HIV, they are referred to as co-infections.
Hepatitis B and C are more contagious than HIV, but are transmitted in a similar way: by contact with other infected fluids, (semen and vaginal fluid, and from mother to baby) during pregnancy or breastfeeding.
Both types of hepatitis can cause serious damage to the liver, these diseases are a major cause of serious illness and death in people with co-infection between hepatitis and HIV.
There is a hepatitis B vaccine. It works well for people with HIV, and it is recommended that people who have HIV take it.
There is no vaccine against hepatitis C. Hepatitis C can be cured and new treatments are becoming affordable and with fewer side effects, and need not be taken for as long as the old drugs. However, these new treatments are expensive. Due to their high prices, the new drugs are not available to everyone with hepatitis C in Brazil and in many other countries.
TB, or tuberculosis, is one of the most common diseases that defines AIDS.
Bacteria that cause tuberculosis can pass from one person to another through the air, when someone who is sick with tuberculosis in the lungs or throat coughs or sneezes, TB bacteria are released into the air.
TB does not always cause the disease, but if the immune system is weakened it is much more likely (I lived in a support house that was a "tuberculosis outbreak" and had to undergo a chemo-prophylaxis treatment for eighteen months). Symptoms of active tuberculosis include a cough that lasts for more than three weeks, fever, loss of appetite, night sweats, fatigue and weight loss. And it mainly affects the lungs but can affect other parts of the body.
TB is treated with a combination of antibiotics, usually taken for six months. In some cases, the treatment may need to last longer.
Translated by Claudio Souza's originalUntreated HIV eventually leads to AIDS.
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