HIV and its health
Life expectancy of people with HIV
A brief explanation of mine: genetic load and AIDS. I inherited from one of the branches of my family, vascular conditions. My mother suffered a lot with varicose veins. I've had two pulmonary embolisms!
Within the context of this text, this makes the greatest sense that I have already been able to substantiate about myself, these two "events".
And I understand that God kept me here for having some reason for it. But I do not see which ...
The prospect has never been better for people with HIV. With the right treatment and care for HIV, most people can expect to have an almost normal life expectancy.
In fact, a recent study in the UK has shown that people living with HIV who have a good initial response to HIV treatment have a life expectancy similar to those of the general population.
Specifically, a man of 50 years who had a count of CD4 cells above 350 and an undetectable viral load one year after the start of antiretroviral therapy (ART) against HIV could live up to 83 years of age.
A woman of 50 years in the same circumstances would have a life expectancy for 85 years.
Despite CD4 Low, there are always hopes
Even when the initial response to treatment was not as good - for example, with a CD4 count between 200 and 350, or with viral load still detectable after one year - people with HIV were expected to live well into the 1970s.
Good access to effective HIV treatment, which reduces viral load to undetectable levels and allows the immune system to recover. And this is necessary for a life with HIV.
People who start HIV treatment as soon as possible, are able to live well, yet infected by it and if they regularly attend the high quality services provided by PN DST / AIDS.
And they are likely to have a life expectancy similar for their non-HIV peers.
There is life with HIV and your health can be good!
I lived in a time without treatment, and I'm here, high night, working telling you that hpa life. Look:
In this situation, it is You are unlikely to become ill or die as a direct result of HIV.
But it can be affected by other illnesses and health conditions. Some of the most common health conditions that affect people living with HIV.
As they get older, lipids (fat in the blood), high blood pressure and depression.
A number of people have more problems with HIV and their health, because in some vessels arises diabetes.
As well as cancer, bone problems and other conditions.
The "Genetic Risk"
A wide range of factors affect your risk of developing these health conditions. Some of them are things you can not change, such as your age, family history of certain diseases or have HIV.
The Presence of HIV and Your Health Need Good Drakonian Care and Attention to Therapy
Other risk factors are within your reach to change. You can expect to have a longer life and
healthy if you do not smoke, are physically active, have a balanced diet, maintain a healthy weight, avoiding excessive consumption of alcohol or drugs, staying socially connected and keeping your mind active.
Other health problems in combination with HIV infection
The risks of having health problems like heart disease and cancer increase for everyone as we age. The focus of your health will likely change as your doctors pay more attention to a wide range of health problems as well as the very relationship between HIV and your health!
Other terms and additional complications
The most common health conditions that affect people living with HIV as they get older are similar to those that affect people who do not have HIV. They are described in Other health problems.
Take Care of Your Health Constantly Is Your Most Valuable Good
Your health should include regular check ups for these conditions. The most important aspects of its prevention and treatment are the same as for people who do not have HIV.
HIV and the aging process
Many people wonder if HIV speeds up the aging process. In other words, do people living with HIV have a decline in physical function and develop age-related conditions at younger ages than their peers?
We know that people with HIV are a little more likely to develop some health conditions than other people. This includes heart disease, diabetes, kidney disease, liver disease, bone problems and some cancers. But they do not necessarily have them at a much younger age. It is more the case that whatever the age group, people with HIV have slightly higher rates of these conditions than other people of the same age.
The Whys and Whys ...
Scientists are still trying to figure out why this is the case. Part of the explanation may be that while current HIV treatment is fairly safe, some of the anti-HIV drugs some people took in the 1990 and early 2000 years have had deleterious effects on cholesterol, kidneys, liver and bones.
Bone density needs to be a routine
In addition, while HIV treatment strengthens the immune system and prevents many HIV-related illnesses, it may not fully restore health and reverse any damage to the immune system. HIV can continue to cause continuous and low level inflammation and immune activation. These unhelpful responses of the immune system to HIV are likely to contribute to a wide range of health problems.
Life with HIV and its health, as well as things that are not directly linked to the human immunodeficiency virus.
There are other reasons why people with HIV have high rates of these health conditions. Things that are not directly linked to HIV and may increase the risk of health problems in people living with the virus. In particular, lifestyles and people's life experiences living with HIV are often not identical to those of the general population. For example, people with HIV are more likely to smoke and have higher levels of stress than other people, which may explain in part the higher rate of heart disease in people with HIV.
I, the editor, the translator, and the HIV bearer, as well as people with AIDS, regard this last phrase as mere expectation.
It is not wise to compare the lives of people with HIV and unreacted people to the test against the virus
Comparisons between reagents and non-reagents may lead to the error regarding HIV and its health
This means that simple comparisons between HIV-positive people and HIV-negative people can be misleading. Indeed, in the more carefully conducted studies comparing very similar groups of HIV-positive and HIV-negative people, the health differences between groups are very small. In addition, it does not appear that people with HIV are aging faster than their non-HIV peers.
Treating HIV and Your Health as You Get Older
Studies show that virus treatment works well for the elderly. Viral load falls to an undetectable level (the goal of treatment itself) as quickly as in younger people. At Elderly people are often better off than younger people at taking the medication as prescribed.
On the other hand, people who start treatment longer than 50 years may have a slower and less complete restoration of the immune system. The CD4 cell count does not always increase as quickly as in young adults.
In addition to preventing HIV-related illness, effective HIV treatment helps protect against heart disease.
And, similarly, against cancer, kidney and liver diseases. Among people living with HIV, the rates of these conditions are lower in people who take the treatment than in people who do not.
Taking HIV treatment is one of the most important things to protect you and your health stay well.
If you have other health concerns as well as HIV, this can affect the choices you and your doctor make about which combination of HIV drugs is right for you.
- There may be interactions between one of your anti-HIV medicines and a drug you take for another health condition. There is more information on this below.
- As you get older, your body can change. The liver and kidneys can function less efficiently, affecting how the medicine is processed in the body. Because of weight loss, decreased body fluid or increased adipose tissue, medications can stay in the body longer and cause more side effects. Occasionally, your doctor may need to adjust your dose.
- Some specific anti-HIV drugs are associated with a slightly increased risk of developing certain health conditions, or may worsen your health condition. If this is the case, you will usually be able to take a different anti-HIV drug.NT
Adapting Your HIV Treatment and Your Health
For these reasons, the choice of anti-HIV drugs may need to be tailored to your specific situation.
You may need a different dose of one of your medicines, so it may be that a single pill, with several drugs in fixed amounts, would not always be the best choice.
And so, you may need to change a combination of drugs that you have become accustomed to.
The UK is often quoted in this text as I translate this text from a publication from there
In the UK, standards for treatment and treatment against HIV are set by the British HIV Association.
This is the professional association for HIV physicians in the UK.
Their guidelines recommend that doctors exercise caution when prescribing the following anti-HIV drugs for people who have specific health conditions.
Or that they have risk factors for this condition.
Here in Brazil this is due to the National STD / AIDS and Viral Hepatitis Program.
- Depression and other mental health problems: efavirenz.
- Heart disease: abacavir, lopinavir or maraviroc.
- Renal disease: tenofovir disoproxil or atazanavir.
- Bone problems: tenofovir disoproxil.
Drug Interactions in HIV Drugs and Your Health
The more health you have, the more medications you may need. And the more medication you take, the greater the chance of experiencing drug interactions and side effects.
A drug interaction is when one drug affects the functioning of another drug. For example, when taken together, one of the medications may not be fully effective or its side effects may be worse.
Before starting a new medication, always ask your doctor or pharmacist: Could the new drug interact with one of the other medications I'm already taking?
You should tell them about everything you take - medicines prescribed by another doctor; non-prescription medicines (including inhalers and nasal sprays); supplements, herbs and alternative treatments; and recreational drugs. This will be easier if you bring with you an up-to-date list of all your medications.
HIV Infection and Your Health May Depend on Annual Checkups
The University of Liverpool provides an online tool to check interactions between anti-HIV drugs, other drugs and recreational drugs. Visit www.hiv-druginteractions.org/checker or download the Liverpool HIV iChart application para iPhone ou Android.
It is very helpful to have an annual drug review. This involves one of your pharmacists or doctors doing a survey of everything you take.
And in verifying interactions and side effects they check whether the measurement is still appropriate for you.
Myths and Realities About HIV and Your Health:
O HIV is a disease of the young.
People get HIV at all ages:
The success of HIV treatment keeps people alive!
And the life expectancy of the population of people living with HIV with more than 50 increases each year.
In 2016, 38% of people who received HIV treatment were over 50 years old.
If I change the medicine and you are not satisfied with the new combination, I will not be able to go back.
It depends on your reason for changing the treatment.
If you are changing because you have resistance to medications.
Or if your treatment is not able to keep your viral load undetectable.
So you definitely need a new treatment.
And it would not be a good idea to go back to your original drugs.
Side Effects or Adverse Effects May Force Change
However, if you are trading because of side effects, you will have more options. Sometimes people are nervous about changing treatment, worrying that the new treatment also has side effects.
And they fear they may be harder to live with. This is unlikely, but if it does, you can probably go back to the anti-HIV drugs you were using before. After several years of HIV treatment, it is inevitable that developing resistance is not a reality
You will need to change your anti-HIV medicines and you will sooner or later have no treatment options.
HIV infection and your health may allow you to take the same combination of drugs for years and years.
I will do this if you stick to ART (antiretroviral therapy) without any problems. While you an undetectable viral load, your HIV can not become resistant to the medicines you are taking..
HIV will always be the most important health problem that you will have to deal with.
Without treatment, HIV is a life threatening. But highly effective treatments are available, making HIV relatively simple for a medical specialist to manage. You may have other health conditions that have a greater impact on your daily life or are more complicated to treat. Sometimes you may have to prioritize other health problems about HIV.
Many elderly people living with HIV have dementia.
You may have heard of studies that use cognitive tests to detect subtle changes in memory and in thought processes. Some have shown small differences between seropositive and seronegative people. In most cases, these minor declines are notperceptible in daily life.
The AIDS Complex has become a tenuous possibility
Cognitive Declines not to be confused with dementia!
Dementia is a serious intellectual disability that interferes with your daily life and your independence. Dementia can have several causes, including Alzheimer's disease. As well as other conditions that reduce blood flow to the brain.
Currently, HIV-associated dementia is rarely seen except in people who are diagnosed with HIV at a very late stage, with a very low CD4 count.