54% Of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Carriers And Do not Know It

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HIV infections (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) increase in Brazil; 54% of people with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) on the planet do not know they are carriers, but more than half of those infected are unaware of thismore than half of those infected are unaware of this

UNAIDS revealed in 2014 that HIV infections (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) in Brazil grew 11% between the years of 2005 and 2013

Countries close to Brazil were able to reduce the rate of infections in an expressive way and Brazil, considered as a "model in the treatment and prevention of AIDS"

At a planetary level the scary data is that 54% of peoplethe scary data is that 54% of people infected all over the world are not aware of this!

Swapping in kids, and they're really big kids. 19 million people among the 35 millions of people living with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) are unaware of their serology; this is a worrying factor because these people, not knowing about their serology, continue to engage in sex without a condom, which exponentially increases the number of people with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) worldwide.

"Life should not depend on access to an HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) test," said UNAIDS Executive Director Michel Sidibé.

"Extending actions strategically is crucial to narrowing the gap between people who know and those who do not know they have HIV, between those who have access to services and those who do not - and between those who are protected and those who are discriminated against. "

The GAP Report is the result of compiling data from eleven institutions in partnership with the UN covering data from 189 countries HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) / AIDS.

The GAP report estimates that by the end of 2013 35 millions of people are carrying HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) across the planet.

This number confirms the downward trend in the number of new infections, which has reached 13% in the last three years.

Deaths

The death rate attributed to AIDS also reached the lowest level since 2005, accumulating a decline of 35% in the period. Tuberculosis remains the leading cause of death among people living with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus).

In Brazil, however, this index increased 7% between 2005 and 2013, as well as in other neighboring countries such as Mexico (9%).

In Latin America, UNAIDS estimates that it is 1,6 million people HIV positive (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). The overwhelming majority of cases, a number above the 75% concentrates five countries:

  • Brazil
  • Argentina
  • Colombia
  • Mexico
  • Venezuela.

About 60% of HIV-positive people in this region are male, including heterosexuals, gay men, and men who have sex with men.

The most vulnerable to HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) in Latin America are women, trangenders, gay men and men who have sex with other men.

And also in the list, sex workers and people who use injecting drugs and who share the apparatus for drug use, which shows that harm reduction policies have to be implemented, improved and, it is imperative, the stigmatization of these people.

One-third of new infections occur among young people from 15 to 24 years. There is a high level of stigma, discrimination and violence - a scenario that creates obstacles in access to HIV prevention, treatment and support services.

Concentrated risk

The UNAIDS report further points out that some countries have a higher risk of HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus).

In sub-Saharan Africa, only three countries, Nigeria, South Africa and Uganda, account for 48% of new infections together.

The document also highlights six countries - the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Indonesia, Nigeria, Russia and South Sudan - as being vulnerable to three AIDS-related threats - a high risk of HIV infection (low human immunodeficiency virus) treatment coverage and little or no decline in the number of new infections.

Global efforts to expand access to antiretroviral therapy to those infected - which is free in Brazil - are working, UNAIDS notes in the report.

At 2013, 2,3 million people gained access to treatment, bringing the total in the world to 13 million.

"If we accelerate this to 2020, we will be well on our way to ending the epidemic in 2030. If we do not do that, it will take an extra decade or so, "the report says.

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