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The Importance of Oral Health for Those Living with HIV or AIDS

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Opportunistic Diseases! What are?! And What Are They?

The Importance Of Oral Health

The Importance Of Oral Health - And That Is A Next Thing To Elitism In Brazil

When a person becomes infected with HIV, they have to take care to ensure their health. In this series of care this inserted the preservation of your oral health.

WHAT IS BUCAL HEALTH?

Oral health represents an indivisible portion of the general health. Having oral health does not only mean having perfect teeth and healthy gums, but healthy individuals with healthy mouth. The mouth is the medium through which we communicate and express our best (and worst) feelings. To have oral health is to be able to smile when we are happy, it is not to grind our teeth when we are nervous, it is not to stop brushing our teeth when we are sad, anxious or depressed.

WHAT IS HAVING A HEALTHY MOUTH?

Healthy mouth is the one without caries, without periodontal disease, without wounds, so that you can chew, swallow, talk and smile. It is important to recognize the interconnection between the various systems of the body, for example: teeth without caries and healthy gums make you perform a good chew, good chewing leads to good digestion and so on.

The aesthetic so worshiped is also important.

It's really cool to be able to smile without traumas, but it's no use

Have strong teeth with bleeding gums.

What is not cool, I would say, is to bleed the entire balance of the bank account, being at the mercy of social assistance and, in Brazil, having good oral health is, in general terms, to be so!

WHAT CAN I DO TO HAVE GOOD ORAL HEALTH?

Having oral health is, first of all, an individual desire and concern, that is, you need to be an effective collaborator in promoting oral health.

HOW CAN MY DENTIST HELP?

Your dentist is your partner. It is able to take care of any changes that may occur in your mouth, be it cavities, gum problems or other diseases such as candidiasis, herpes, etc. However, only with working together, between you and your dentist. You will be able to reach the common goal of having oral health.

WHY SHOULD I FIND THE DENTIST?

Approximately 50% of people infected with HIV may have a virus-related illness in the mouth the earlier this problem is discoveredThe sooner this problem is discovered, the easier it will be to treat it.

What are these diseases?

All diseases described herein are not specific to HIV infection. The fact that a patient has any of them does not mean that they have HIV. Dental caries and periodontal disease are the main diseases of the mouth, regardless of whether or not the patient is HIV positive. Candidiasis, Herpes Zoster, Leukoplakia, Kaposi's sarcoma, and special types of periodontal disease are mouth diseases that, although not specific, are directly related to HIV infection.

DENTAL CAVITY

Dental caries is an infectious disease caused by bacteria that can pass from one person to another.

Oral Health and Dental Caries

another, as long as you have a diet rich in sugar. The microorganisms that cause caries form colonies that adhere to the tooth through a plaque, called dental plaque. The cariogenic microorganisms of this plaque end up causing demineralization of the dental enamel. If this process is not interrupted, the caries installs, forming a cavity.

WHAT CAN YOU DO MORE THAN I HAVE CARIES?

Some factors interfere with the greater or lesser amount of caries an individual can have, particularly in HIV-infected individuals.

As for example we have:

MEDICINES: The regular use of many medicines can cause caries by two mechanisms: it can cause saliva decrease in the mouth, reducing the capacity of protection, or the need to be ingested with a diet with high calorie content, as is the case of Saquinavir.

DIET: As described above, often because of the various medications used, the patient needs a high-fat diet usually associated with several types of sugars (eg chocolate) which increases the chance of having cavities.

DIFFICULTY OF BRUSHING: Sometimes, the presence of sores in the mouth can cause pain and difficulty of brushing.

WHAT CAN I DO TO REDUCE THE RISK OF KEEPING CARIES?

You can lower your risk of getting cavities even if you are within the above groups. Be aware that:

  1. The length of stay of the sugary food in the mouth and the amount of time it is ingested are fundamental for the appearance of the caries;
  2. The stickier the food is the greater the risk of having caries (stuffed biscuit, caramel bullet);
  3. Attention to what you will eat, because often the food has sugar "hidden", as is the case of ketchup; · Brush your teeth correctly and regularly.
You should brush your teeth and tongues after meals and especially at night before bed.
The Importance of Oral Health
The importance of oral health is not taken into account when dealing with a poor people. Damn the poor, this is the metric, and yes, of course, Pele was right in his lines. When you click on the image you will get to the image's origin site. THE SITE IS HUDA BEAUTY IN ENGLISH

Use fluoride toothpaste. The wire or dental tape complements the brush action and therefore should be used at the same frequency. Always remember: the greater the frequency of cleansing, the less chance of developing caries. Fluoride is a very important substance as it helps protect teeth enamel, making them more resistant to attack by bacteria. You should make regular use of fluoride through mouthwash and fluoride toothpaste.

REMEMBER IF TABLE SUGAR, SWEETS, CHOCOLATES AND REFRIGERANTS ARE THE MOST COMMON SOURCES OF SACAROSE, AGGRAVATED BY THE REPEATED CONSUMPTION, TO SHORT INTERVALS, AND THE AUCKED FOODS WITH TREND TO CLOSURE TO THE TEETH ARE THE MAIN CAUSES OF CARIES. A DIET WITH HIGH CALORIES DOES NOT MEAN, NECESSARILY A RICH DIET IN SUGAR.

WHAT IS PERIODONTAL DISEASE?
Oral health, especially in young children, can be maintained or at least give a reduced maintenance a sugar quota in four and only deliver 1 / 4
Sugar cubes remind me of "Bunny Bugs." When he asked the "person 1 clod" or 2 clods "one would always end up with your pounding in the head (two clods) and I would kill myself with laughter. By the way, by clicking on the image you will go to another site, in a "very interesting" material!

Periodontal Disease - Gingivitis or Pallor

Yes, it's hard to see. And I say that many people come "to this" because of social factors. The costs of a dental treatment, and I say costs because they are many, make the oral health, the "good looks" required to work with public, end up functioning as a kind of "initial funnel", which cancels out the possibilities of a person still at the end of puberty or, if you prefer, there by 18, 19, maybe 20 years. That's because there is no way to treat, because you can not afford it!

Commonly known as gum disease, gingivitis or pyorrhea, this disease occurs when one or more of the tissues that make up the periodontium are affected. The periodontium (peri = around odonto = tooth) comprises the following tissues: the gingiva, the periodontal ligament (fibers that attach the tooth to the bone), the cementum root (tissue covering the root) and alveolar bone which supports the tooth). You may lose your teeth due to periodontal disease.

This disease is caused by plaque, which is a film or an aggregate of bacteria that adheres to the tooth or to the solid structures of the mouth. If this plaque is not removed daily with brush and was / dental tape, it becomes a hard, rough and porous substance known as calculus or dental tartar. The toxins produced by the bacteria in the plaque mimic the gingiva, leading to inflammation; these toxins destroy the supporting tissues around the teeth, forming pockets that are filled by more plaque, causing periodontal disease, resulting in bloody gingival, loss of alveolar bone (which supports the tooth), bad breath and, as progression, loss of the tooth. Only a dentist can diagnose gum disease, so it is important that you make regular visits, including always having a periodontal examination with probing on all your teeth.

WHAT CAN LEAD ME TO BELIEVE I HAVE PERIODONTAL DISEASE?

Signs of gum problems include:

  • Gingival bleeding (this is a case where, at least hypothetically, with a conjunction of multiple factors, which I could, I regret writing, lead to personal contamination of HIV by kissing the mouth - I STRENGTHEN: HYPOTHETICALLY. In more than 20 years there has never been an HIV infected person in my history by any means, since I became aware of my serology)
  • Red, swollen, or sore gums
  • Persistent bad breath
  • Presence of pus between the gums
  • Mobility or withdrawal of teeth
  • Changing the way your teeth fit when you close your mouth
  • Change in the way a partial denture is fitted

However, you may have periodontal disease and have none of these symptoms, hence the importance of regular visit to the dentist

HOW TO AVOID PERIODONTAL DISEASE?

You can prevent periodontal disease by removing dental plaque while brushing and passing wire / dental tape every day. Check with your dentist if your way of brushing your teeth is correct. Professional cleaning, with a dentist or hygienist, carrier may be required at least twice a year. If you are being treated for periodontal disease you may need more frequent visits.

Should I Tell The Dentist That I Am HIV-Positive, HIV-Positive or Living With AIDS?

I had so much fear of being a dentist, but they were even medieval, that I won for many dental problems. In the midst of the chaos that my life has become, in the second support house I've stayed in, but I did not stay long. There was a partnership between the support house (which, heck, I did not know how it worked) but since I was a resident of the support house I was entitled to care. In those days, little could be done for a seropositive person and the only treatment for me, which was with oral health in shards, was to remove the most damaged teeth. They were unrecoverable. And they were a gateway to disease. "But let me be calm," for an implant would be made. Well, the support house had its motives there. Awkward, like most of the churches, to kick me out. And so he did! And, I lost the right to treatment. Now I'm starting one, which cost me "face eyes because of the importance of my oral health

When visiting the dentist, you should inform your HIV status and provide clear and current information about your health status, including results of laboratory tests and use of medications.

THERE IS SOME DIFFERENCE IN MY TREATMENT BECAUSE I AM HIV POSITIVE?

In HIV infection a more aggressive and resistant type of periodontal disease has been observed, but most of the time you will be treated in the conventional way. this treatment consists of plaque removal and dental calculus and straightening of the dental surface. In more advanced cases, depending on the state of your mouth, surgery and other treatment modalities may be necessary.

What is Oral Candidiasis?

More commonly known as "thrush", this lesion is caused by fungi.

Candidiasis is seen more often as a white or yellowish - white plaque, which can be removed by scraping, leaving a red or bleeding area. It can be found anywhere in the mouth and usually does not cause pain.

ARE THERE OTHER WAYS OF CANDIDIASIS?

Candidiasis and the Importance of Oral HealthCandidiasis may present in other ways, such as erythematous candidiasis, a reddish area on the roof of the mouth (palate) and on the tongue, or as red spots on the inside of the cheek, and as another lesion called angular chelitis, which are cracks or cracks in the corners of the mouth that may be associated with ulcers, redness and white plaques. It usually causes odor when opening the mouth.

WHAT CAUSES ULCER APPEARANCE IN THE MOUTH OF AN HIV POSITIVE PATIENT?

This type of wound in the mouth of an HIV patient may have many causes, including: · It can be a cold sore · It can be an ulcer caused by the HIV virus itself or other viruses But it can be a more aggressive injury, such as cancer in the mouth; so you have to be aware of every sore in your mouth that does not heal on 15 days. If this does not happen you should seek a dentist or your doctor.

SIMPLE HERPES

Lip herpesThere are several types of viruses that can infect an individual, among these, herpes simplex virus infection is one of the most common. In the mouth this infection has three forms:

There are several types of viruses that can infect an individual, among these, herpes simplex virus infection is one of the most common. In the mouth this infection has three forms:

A common form of presentation consists of vesicles. And note, it is mostly on the lower lip, and are preceded by a red, sore area, known as recurrent cold sores.

Certain Things Must Happen

I met some people who contracted in childbirth, from contaminated mother and in acute herper crisis occurring!

Maktub

These vesicles rupture and leave regions ulcerated, covered by crusts, very painful and persistent.

In the patient with AIDS recurrences may become more frequent, with larger lesions and longer duration.

Small vesicles that rupture and form small ulcers that may join and form a larger, irregularly shaped ulcer

In younger individuals and children, on initial contact with the virus, a severe picture of oral mucosal involvement may sometimes occur. which comes with a high fever and is known as primary herpetic stomatitis.

The Presence of HIV Can Complicate These Conditions A Lot

In the HIV-infected patient, it may present more aggressively and disseminated throughout the mouth and at any age.

A common form of presentation consists of vesicles, especially in the lower lip, preceded by a reddened, painful area known as recurrent cold sores. These vesicles rupture and leave regions ulcerated, covered by crusts, very painful and persistent.

In the patient with AIDS recurrences may become more frequent, with larger lesions and longer duration.

Small vesicles that break and form small ulcers that can join and form a larger, irregularly shaped ulcer.

In younger individuals and children, on initial contact with the virus, a severe picture of the oral mucosa may occur, which is accompanied by a high fever and is known as primary herpetic stomatitis. In the HIV-infected patient, it may present more aggressively and disseminated throughout the mouth and at any age.

PULOSA LEUCOPLASIA

Pilosa Leukoplakia and the Importance of Oral Health for People Living with HIV
The Image leads to a specific article of this theme in another browser tab

It is another injury caused by a virus, called Epstein Barr Virus. It presents as a white lesion, with a corrugated surface on the lateral border of the tongue, not removable by scraping. The presence of this lesion in the mouth of an HIV-infected patient may represent an indication of immune compromise. I, Claudio, make an observation. This text, in its original paper, after being scanned, has been revised.

The text says, stupidly, that this incident indicates immunological impairment.

Not quite!

And even if it represents a possible immune compromise, this may come from anything.

A fight between boyfriends, a situation of sadness, depression or stress, even as mourning, anguish, stress and even a sudden joy can lead to an organic imbalance.

As a sad example, I, if I go to a quarry and play in the "pesacria", where everybody earns something I, I catch a pencil! (sic) And if I try again .... I catch an eraser to erase pen ink!

Well, back in 2000, and I still had not started the site yet, I won!

Miracle among all the miracles, a fat sum of money, from a capitalization title I had bought, because he was an idiot who believed that, just over two months ago.

Well, the first expense was to pay for the sanitation of Felipe T Rocha's car, which I bathed internally as vomit, without first having ingested anything. I expelled gastric juice (chloridic acid) and bile! That simple!

WHAT IS HERPES ZOSTER OR COPPER?

I did not find images on the topic. I preferred not to risk it!

This disease is caused by a virus called virus varicella - zoster (VHZ). The primary infection with this virus is called chicken pox, the reactivation of this virus manifests clinically as herpes zoster. When it affects the mouth, it usually occurs as small ulcerations, especially on the palate or tongue, and characteristically accompanies a branch of a sensory nerve, not exceeding the midline of the affected region.

WHAT IS CITOMEGALOVIRUS DISEASE (CMV)?

This virus causes several infections, read on on Opportunistic Diseases in this blog.

But in the mouth, can occur anywhere, being particularly critical when it occurs in the gingiva, as it can mimic periodontal disease. Rapid and accurate diagnosis is necessary because the treatment modality is completely different from the periodontal disease of bacterial origin previously described.

WHAT IS HUMAN VIRUS PAPILOMA DISEASE?

It may present clinically in various forms, are the lesions known as papillomas, condylomas and warts. High or flat lesions, with a white surface, single or multiple, that can occur anywhere in the mouth. Condyloma acuminata m (venereal warts) is usually multiple, can occur anywhere in the mouth and is often associated with genital lesions.

WHAT IS KAPOSI SARCOMA?

Cláudio Souza
People write without thinking. This cancer, most commonly of the skin, in older men may manifest itself in people with a somewhat advanced AIDS picture, with very bad counts of CD4. When I started this "saite" I contacted the Ministry of Health. Actually to the extinct National STD / AIDS Program, requesting matter and instructions. One of the books they sent me had the title nothing suggestive: AIDS, read before writing

It is a type of tumor, most common in AIDS patients. The lesions may present as isolated or multiple spots, red or violaceous in color. They may also present as a lump or tumor (increase in tissue volume), varying in size and color.

The most common places are the palate and then the gums. The lesions of the mouth may indicate the involvement of other regions of the body.

Other tumors of bacterial, fungal, or viral origin may affect a patient infected with HIV or AIDS.

HOW CAN I DO IF I HAVE ANY OF THESE INJURIES?

Doing the self examination of the mouth and looking for your dentist regularly or when feeling any sore or swelling or swelling in the mouth. The self examination is simple and the person himself can do before a mirror in a well-lit place. Its purpose is to identify precursor lesions of mouth cancer and any other lesions that appear in your mouth. Through this examination you can identify changes in the color of the mucosa of your mouth, such as whiter or red areas, which at the beginning of your evolution do not usually present symptoms or discomfort and are important in the early diagnosis of diseases.

by Amarilis In Memorian

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Need to chat? Beto Volpe (search this name on Google) has a lot to offer. I, Claudio, I can no longer meet you, well, I can not just type with the indicators and often the conversation takes turns that people often "just passing" could leave here wondering what kind of crazy is me!