The Test of HIV It's simple. It's fast, it's reliable, and you must accept its results. If you are testing yourself after 30 days, there is nothing more to fear.
And, you see, doing a blood count and guessing the result based on white blood cell count, leukocytes, monocytes, basophils, and neutrophils, just as an example, it's going to freak out and it won't solve anything!
PEP é emergência Médica
Possible HIV Infection? Seek Prep Immediately
- 1 Possible HIV Infection? Seek Prep Immediately
- 2 To Avoid Some Misconceptions:
- 3 So take:
- 4 So it doesn't take:
- 5 … HIV Testing, The Facts Clarifying and Uninstalling Neuroses
If you believe you may have been in contact with HIV for the past 72 hours click on the link below and look for the nearest place where you are and “RUN THERE FOR PEP ”
To Avoid Some Misconceptions:
- Condomless vaginal sex;
- Anal sex without a condom;
- Oral sex without a condom;
- Syringe use by more than one person;
- Transfusion of contaminated blood;
- From the infected mother to her child during pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding;
- Instruments that pierce or cut unsterilized.
So it doesn't take:
- Sex as long as the condom is used correctly;
- Handjob for two;
- Kiss on the face or mouth;
- Sweat and tear;
- Bug bite;
- Handshake or hug;
- Soap / towel / sheets;
- Cutlery / glasses;
- Bus seat;
- Blood donation;
- Through the air.
PEP and run to the nearest hospital!
More About PEP
If 72 hours have passed, please proceed with the text and better understand the…
… HIV Testing, The Facts Clarifying and Uninstalling Neuroses
The US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) estimates that there are about 1,1 million HIV-positive people in the United States. Of this number, the CDC estimates that one in seven (15%) is unaware of their HIV status.
Here in Brazil, although I'm out of data, because I'm part of a carnival block called "I Alone."
Testing for HIV is a smart thing to do. And it is easy. However, many people avoid taking the test for several reasons.
Some may find the idea of taking the test so frightening that they simply do not, while others may think that HIV testing is unnecessary because they believe they are not at risk. I, Toscus, acknowledge that for a long time I was afraid to take the test because of a superstition that was far more than a current:
- ”I better not test because every person I saw testing and giving positive withered in two months.
It was the fear….
The truth is that anyone can be infected with HIV. Some demographic groups may be more affected than others, but the risk factors are the same for everyone.
When it comes to HIV testing, the old cliché "knowledge is power" is still true. Knowing your HIV status, negative or positive, puts you in the best position to protect your health and the health of your sexual partners.
There is currently no cure for HIV / AIDS, but there are drugs available that allow HIV-positive individuals to have a life normal and healthy. And be aware of your serology, contradicting the "People of the Night" less likely to pass the virus on to others.
The CDC recommends that everyone between the age of 13 and 64 be tested for HIV at least once, regardless of perceived risk. Additionally, you should have an HIV test if any of the following apply to you:
- You are sexually active, especially with three or more sexual partners in the last 12 months.
- You have had unprotected sex with someone who is HIV positive or someone whose HIV status you do not know.
- Have you shared needles or syringes for injecting drugs (including steroids or hormones) or if unsterile equipment was used for piercings or tattoos.
- You are a healthcare professional who has had a work-related accident, such as direct exposure to blood, or has been caught in a needle or other potentially contaminated object.
- You are pregnant or are thinking of getting pregnant.
- You have been sexually assaulted.
- You exchanged sex for food, shelter, drugs or money.
- You have been diagnosed or sought treatment for a sexually transmitted infection, such as syphilis or herpes.
- You have been diagnosed or sought treatment for hepatitis or tuberculosis.
- You have some reason to be unsure about your HIV status.
If you are a sexually active gay or bisexual man, you may benefit from getting tested for HIV every three to six months.
If you have engaged in behaviors that put you at risk of becoming infected with HIV, you may also have been exposed to other STDs. Some of these can be quite serious and require immediate treatment. If you are being tested for HIV, you should also discuss with your doctor if you are at risk and should be tested for these STDs.
What are the types of HIV testing?
There are several different tests that can be used to determine if you have HIV. The first test developed is still the one most often used for the initial detection of HIV infection: the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay or, as it is better known, the ELISA or EIA.
There are a variety of ELISA / EIA tests available. Some involve drawing blood from a vein. The sample is sent to a laboratory for analysis, with results available in one or two weeks.
Many test sites are now using oral or fingerstick quick tests. The oral test, for example, involves rubbing the upper and lower gums inside the mouth. The sample is then placed in a developer vial, with results available in 20 at 40 minutes.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently recommended a new laboratory HIV testing protocol that will take advantage of advances in testing technology and better identify acute or very recent cases of the virus. These new “fourth generation” HIV tests for antibodies to the virus in blood samples and for what is known as the HIV-1 p-24 antigen, which appears in the body earlier than antibodies.
The time it takes the body to produce antibodies after the onset of HIV infection is known as the "window period." For the vast majority of those who contract the virus, HIV antibodies develop within four hours of exposure. Some will take a little longer to develop antibodies.
Until antibodies are present, an ELISA will be negative for HIV. Therefore, if someone has actually contracted the virus but has not yet developed antibodies while doing the ELISA, this could result in a false negative.
The new HIV tests detected an infection about three weeks after exposure to the virus; With older HIV tests, the window period can be up to three months. Correct identification of acute cases of HIV is crucial for prevention, as viral loads are often very high during this period of infection, increasing the likelihood that someone will transmit the virus.
Because of this window period, it is important to know what type of HIV test your doctor is using. In older tests, taking the test before three months may yield an unclear result or a false negative.
If the initial HIV test is positive, the next step is to perform an HIV-1 / HIV-2 antibody differentiation immunoassay to determine if the individual is HIV-1 or HIV-2. This test will produce results faster than the previously recommended Western Blot test.
If there is a negative or undetermined result from the second test step, CDC recommends a nucleic acid test. A negative result from this test indicates a false positive result from the previous test, which means that the individual does not have HIV. A positive result indicates an acute infection.
No diagnostic test will be 100% reliable, but if you are negative at the appropriate time (ie 3 weeks after possible virus exposure with the latest HIV tests or 13 weeks after possible virus exposure with HIV tests) you may consider this to be a reliable confirmation that you are HIV negative.
What is the difference between anonymous and confidential testing?
With anonymous testing, you don't have to give your name to anyone. With confidential testing, you provide your name during the testing process, but the health system and government health agencies are required by law to keep your information confidential - they cannot allow it to become public information.
In the United States, the 1996 Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) ensures that your medical records remain confidential. In general, only your doctor or the institution where you took your test has access to your medical records. However, many states have opted to use name-based reporting, which means that if you are HIV positive, the result and name of your test will be reported to state and local health departments for surveillance purposes. The state health department removes all personal information about your test result (name, address, etc.) and shares the information with the CDC so that it can track national HIV trends.
Because laws vary from state to state, if you are concerned about anonymity or disclosure, contact your local health department or any helpline from your AIDS services organization to find out what is the law in your area and where Anonymous tests are available.
Using a test at home or going to an anonymous testing site - which are available from health departments in all states - are good ways to take the test anonymously, meaning your name does not have to be used to take the test. You will have a conversation with a counselor, but your identity will still be protected.
Where can I take the test?
HIV testing is widely available in many health facilities - in private doctors' offices, public health clinics, hospital emergency rooms, pharmacies.
The CDC instructed healthcare providers to test all their patients for the virus, whether or not they reported sexual or drug use behavior known to transmit the virus. Unfortunately, however, many health professionals still do not follow this recommendation, meaning that many people unknowingly living with HIV remain undiagnosed.
US residents may purchase home collection kits that involve sending a blood sample to a laboratory for analysis and results. In October of 2012, US residents can also purchase a complete DIY kit, which can provide 20 results in 40 minutes.
Counseling is an important part of HIV testing. This can be done in person with a doctor, at a testing site with a counselor, or over the phone with a counselor who works for a company that provides home testing kits. These conversations play a valuable role in informing those who have a negative outcome on how to maintain their negative status and in advising those who have a positive outcome about their health care.
Each state has its own HIV hotline, from which you can get information about where to take the test, including anonymous test sites, in the states where the anonymous test is available.