HIV treatment can change its face, there are several medications, and each prescription must be obeyed faithfully. I always recommend a discipline between Spartan and Draconian against HIV.
I do it this way to keep you alert, because if something gets in the way and you miss a dose, maybe, after months and months, making little or nothing mistakes, if you have a setback, you don't have to panic. Now I am pasting what I translated and reviewed about raltegravir.
What is raltegravir?
O raltegravir is a drug used to treat HIV, marketed under the brand name Isentress. It is taken in combination with other antiretroviral drugs.
The usual adult dose of raltegravir is one pink 400 mg tablet twice daily or two yellow 600 mg tablets once daily.
Successful HIV treatment reduces viral load and once the viral load drops, cells CD4 start to rise.
The sooner you start treatment, the less your CD4 count goes down. This can be the difference between life with a good quality of life, with a bad quality of life, with a good Life expectancy or, in some cases, loss of life due to opportunistic diseases. See, well, the truth is that no one dies from HIV infection, but this infection must be prevented at all costs because, unfortunately, once it is established in your body, the infection cannot be eliminated. HIV is a virus!
Since the 80s
It is an extremely resilient virus and, since the 80's, it has been looking for vaccine and cure, without being able to achieve success in any of these searches.
The best thing to do is to keep all sexual relations protected by the condom, the condom!
If you have only one unprotected sex you will have to endure the time of window period
How does raltegravir work?Raltegravir is in a class of drugs known as integrase inhibitors. Your doctor will prescribe raltegravir as part of your HIV treatment, along with antiretrovirals from another class of medicines. It is important to take all the prescription drugs every day. Each class of medication works against HIV in a different way. The goal of HIV treatment is to reduce the level of HIV in your body (viral load). Ideally, your viral load should be so low that it is undetectable - usually less than 40 copies of viruses per ml of blood. Taking HIV treatment and having an undetectable viral load protects your immune system and prevents HIV from being transmitted to someone else during sex.
How to take raltegravir?You can take raltegravir with or without food. HIV treatment works well if you take it every day. When would it be a good time to plan your treatment? Think about your daily routine and when you will find it easier to do your treatment, this way, take into account the best time of day, that moment that you know you will have privacy and access to the medicine. If you forget to take a dose of raltegravir, take it as soon as you remember. If it's time to take your next dose, don't take a double dose, just skip the dose you forgot and continue. If you forget to take your treatment regularly or if you are not taking it for another reason, it is important to talk to your doctor about it.
What are the possible side effects of raltegravir?All medications have possible side effects. It is a good idea to talk to your doctor about possible side effects before you start taking a medication. If you experience something that could be a side effect, talk to your doctor about what can be done. A complete list of side effects, including less common side effects, should be included in the leaflet that comes with the pack with raltegravir. We generally divide side effects into two types:
Common and RareOs common - a side effect that occurs in at least one in a hundred people (more than 1%) who take this drug. Rare - side effect that occurs in less than one in every hundred people (less than 1%) who take this medication. Common side effects of raltegravir include loss of appetite, headache, difficulty sleeping, abnormal dreams, depression, dizziness, vertigo, abdominal pain, bloating, flatulence, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, indigestion, skin rash, weakness, fatigue, fever, increased liver or pancreatic enzymes and elevated triglycerides. A hypersensitivity (allergic) reaction has been reported by some people taking raltegravir. If you develop a rash with other symptoms, such as fever, seek medical advice immediately.
Does raltegravir interact with other drugs?
Some medications or drugs are not safe if taken together - the interaction can cause increased, dangerous levels or prevent one or both medications from working. Other drug interactions are less dangerous, but they still need to be taken seriously. If a drug's levels are affected, it may be necessary to change the dose you take. This should only be done under the guidance of your HIV doctor.
Drug Interactions ListIn England, a list of medicines, with known interactions with raltegravir, should be included in the leaflet that comes with the packaging with raltegravir. Tell your doctor if you are taking any of these medicines and other medicines that are not listed. If you are taking raltegravir, it is particularly important to check with your HIV doctor or pharmacist before taking any of the following medicines:
- antacids (used for relieving indigestion and heartburn)
- rifampicin (used for treat infections, including rifampicin, a TB drug (tuberculosis) if prescribed.