… HIV! Yes, you are HIV positive, you have HIV….
… My God I have AIDS!…
This is my last memory in the medical room that, three months earlier, had saved my life!
It was not her poorly provided information! The desperate hearing was mine, taken by the panic of the first half of the nineties (folks, the 1990s is something that journalists say and I think about seppuko).
I was ignorant enough, completely ignorant. And let the whole truth be said because, of HIV and AIDS, the only thing I knew about was fatality!
And also prejudice. The cruelty and public disgrace that, yes, I knew it would come.
I was not the most popular person in the mouth of luxury!
I had watched this film countless times in Boca do luxurious so as not to know it! The meteoric career of the DJ ended there and, according to my understanding, with HIV came death. Liquid and certain, as if there were only one death that was not liquid and certain (...).
For me it is as if Life, the God Himself looked at me and said:
I'm done with you! “I was filled with you, THE HOUSE FELL"!
It took a while, a long time for me to understand that it wasn't like that, as “Fatima Fatal” told me, at Brenda Lee!
- "The pet still has a lot to eat there" ... (...).
It took many years and many losses before I understood that the plans were different for me!
Even today, beyond 1/4 of a century, I did not understand the whole picture and I fear that I will hardly see the whole, on this side of the mirror, completely.
But one thing I tell you: I don't intend to make another mistake with a virus. If you can, you must:
Stay at home!
HIV e AIDS
O HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that damages the cells of the immune system (CD4 cells) and weakens its ability to fight infections and diseases known as opportunists. Diseases that the body has learned to control over millennia, such as pneumocystis pneumonia.
The belief about a fatal vulnerability to everyday illnesses like influenza caused by influenza is mistaken. Do not confuse this flu with SARS caused by the New Coronavirus, the COVID-19!
AIDS (Ssyndrome ImunoDefficiency Adquirida - AIDS) is the name used to describe a set of symptoms and signs (syndrome) that is characterized by the manifestation of a series of infections and diseases potentially fatal that occur when the immune system has been severely damaged by the virus HIV.
Although AIDS cannot be transmitted from one person to another, HIV can.
Currently, there is no cure for HIV, but there are very effective drug treatments that allow most people with the virus to live long and healthy lives.
With a early diagnosis and effective treatments, most people with HIV will not develop any AIDS-related illness and will live an almost normal life span, as expected for up to 80 years, depending on their medical history, immune system conditions at the time of diagnosis and adherence (very fundamental factor of the treatment and its success)
Symptoms of HIV infection
Most people experience a short illness similar to a virus 2 to 6 weeks after HIV infection, which lasts a week or two after contact. After these symptoms subside, HIV may not cause any symptoms for many years, although the virus continues to damage your immune system.
This means that many people with HIV are unaware that they are infected.
Anyone who thinks they could have HIV should get tested.
Some people should consider having regular checkups, as they are at particularly high risk, including:
- men who have sex with men;
- Heterosexual black Africans;
- who share needles, syringes or other injector equipment;
Causes of HIV infection
HIV is found in the body fluids of an infected person. This includes semen, vaginal and anal fluids, blood and breast milk.
It is a fragile virus and does not survive outside the body for long.
O HIV cannot be transmitted through sweat, urine or saliva.
The most common way to contract HIV is through anal or vaginal sex without a condom.
Other ways to contract HIV include:
- sharing needles, syringes or other injection equipment;
- from mother to baby during pregnancy, birth or breastfeeding;
The chance of contracting HIV through oral sex is very low and depends on many things, as if you receive or give oral sex and the person's oral hygiene who does oral sex.
Seek medical advice as soon as possible if you think you may have been exposed to HIV.
You can get tested at several locations, including your medical clinic, sexual health clinics and charity clinics.
The only way to find out if you have HIV is to get an HIV test. This involves testing a sample of your blood or saliva for signs of infection.
It is important to be aware that:
- the emergency anti-HIV medication called post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) can prevent you from being infected if started within 72 hours after possible exposure to the virus - it is recommended that you start it as soon as possible, ideally within 24 hours
- a means of early diagnosis that you can start treatment earlier, which can improve your chances of controlling the virus, reduce the risk of becoming sicker and reduce the chance of passing the virus on to others
Both positive and negative HIV tests may need to be repeated 1 to 3 months after the potential exposure to HIV infection (known as the window period), but you should not wait that long to seek help:
- clinics may offer a finger prick blood test, which can result in minutes, but it may take a few days for the results of an HIV test to be more detailed.
- home or home sample kits are available for purchase online or at pharmacies - depending on the type of test used, your result will be available in a few minutes or days
If your first test suggests that you have HIV, you will need an additional blood test to confirm the result.
If this is positive, you will be referred to an HIV clinic for further testing and a discussion of your treatment options.
Antiretroviral drugs are used to treat HIV infection. They work by preventing the virus from replicating in the body, allowing the immune system to recover and preventing further damage.
These come in the form of pills, which need to be taken every day. But there is also Fuseon, for rescue therapies, which is injectable
HIV is able to develop resistance to a single HIV drug very easily, but taking a combination of different drugs makes it much less likely, close to impossible. The impossible, remember, does not exist and poor adherence to treatment can lead to health complications!
Most people with HIV take a combination of two to three drugs. but it may be necessary to combine more than three drugs. It is vital that they are taken every day, as recommended by your doctor !!! Adherence to treatment is everything! The goal of HIV treatment is to have an undetectable viral load. This means that the level of the HIV virus in your body is low enough that it cannot be detected by a viral load test, but if you are tested for HIV serology it will always be reactive.
Living with HIV is Possible! There is Life with HIV
If you live with HIV, taking effective treatment and being undetectable significantly reduces your risk of passing HIV to others.
You will also be encouraged to:
- regular exercise,
- eat a healthy diet,
- quit smoking,
- take annual vaccinations against the flu caused by Influenza help minimize the risk of serious illness. This one, who writes to you, stopped counting pneumonia in the eighth. There, the excellent Governor elected at that time, the pastel, decreed the need for a pneumonia vaccine and, in my life, pneumonia was over!
Without treatment, the immune system will be severely damaged and life-threatening illnesses such as cancer and serious illnesses. infections can occur.
It is rare for a pregnant woman living with HIV to transmit it to her baby, provided she receives timely and effective treatment and medical attention.
Anyone who has sex without a condom or shares needles is at risk of HIV infection.
There are many effective ways to prevent or reduce the risk of HIV infection, including:
- use of condom in sexual intercourse
- (PEP) - Post-Exposure Prophylaxis
- PrEP Pre-exposure prophylaxis (before exposure).
- HIV treatment to reduce viral load to undetectable. Assism called TasP (Treatment as Prevention) - Treatment as prevention in free translation.
- if you use drugs, never share needles or other injection equipment, including syringes, spoons and swabs.
Talk to COAS about sexual and reproductive health or see a general practitioner for more advice on how best to reduce your risks.
For people with HIV, who are taking effective HIV treatment and their viral load is undetectable for 6 months or more, they cannot transmit the virus through sex.
This is called undetectable = non-transferable (U = U).
That I, Cláudio Souza, will not use even with an enemy! My quota of errors of this suit is exhausted.
There is Life with HIV
Translated by Cláudio Souza do Original in HIV and AIDS