And how will Life with AIDS be?
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Yeah. Many imagine, with coldness, the trajectory and the experience of the seropositive, but living in the skin is a very complicated situation.
But complications are not limited to the body, but also travels through social limitations, limitations of coexistence, fear, prejudice, and other totally negative aspects, especially in a very fully computerized as it is today.
Just to get an idea, today, in Brazil, about 250 thousand people live with the virus of the AIDS and barely know of its existence. Thus, unconscious sexual practice can further increase the incidence of those who have viruses.
As the health professionals themselves say, the main problem for them is not the contamination with the virus, but the discrimination they suffer.
Only at Emílio Ribas, São Paulo's infectious disease hospital, which is the largest in Latin America, 500 HIV tests are performed annually, with a positive result every three days in the hospital.
In the same hospital, 185 children are hospitalized, victims of the AIDS virus. Children end up getting the disease during pregnancy by the infected mother. Nowadays, there are a number of treatments that prevent a child from getting the virus during pregnancy, but even so, many unsuspecting mothers may simply not have access to this resource because, although it is required by law, not all doctors ask, in prenatal care, by the HIV test, which causes one more infection in the family.
But the child infected with the AIDS virus today has a normal life that can easily be likened to the life of a child who does not have the disease. The child can play normally, can have fun, can go to school, play with the little friends and animals, and do everything that his stage allows. But for everything to go well, it is necessary to warn parents that medication should always occur.
The general expectation is that 630 thousand people are contaminated with the AIDS virus in Brazil. And even after several advances in regard to treatment, shortly after discovering the disease the main fear of those infected is prejudice and social discrimination.
Life After Virus Discovery
It is in the midst of some symptoms that the patient first seeks the doctor with suspected acquisition of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome virus. What was once a simple flu, begins to become much stronger because of the immune system of the individual, dominated by the infection of AIDS.
Thus, many of those infected with the AIDS virus discover the disease when they feel the worsening of symptoms in the treatment of diseases, whether simple or not.
HIV testing is carried out free of charge in hospitals throughout Brazil, as the fight against the disease is very important for the government, the World Health Organization and many other agencies that fight against the manifestation of this virus.
And, with the result at hand, the disappointment with the positive result is very different from the reception of yesteryear.
In 1983, nurses and doctors were faced with a new disease affecting Brazilians. And, they knew nothing about it. Thus, patient treatments were performed with the use of gloves and masks. Patients at that time died within days or at most months, after all, there was no treatment for the disease and scarcely knew how it acted in the human organism, its appearance being one of the greatest shocks to humanity.
What's changed from 1983 to here
From that year on, it was rumored that AIDS was a disease transmitted by homosexuals, because of transmission through anal sex, which led to the discovery of the first cases.
Thus, since then, it has been associated with the disease with the fact that the infected individual would probably be a homosexual, which was not always true. Sexual intercourse between men and women could also lead to the onset of the virus, as well as transmission through infected syringes.
But the prejudice is still great. On the whole, within the subconscious imagery, this is a disease for people of unruly life, who "deserve to be sick." The cases among older people have grown precisely because in their minds AIDS is part of this picture and a person over 60 years hardly makes a "free choice" HIV test; only when the disease has progressed and the infections and other opportunistic diseases appear, but it may be late and it is important that an awareness campaign be developed for this age group.
More than 30 years after the discovery of the virus in Brazil, advances in medication and prevention were great, and the results are also positive.
In the past, the only form of treatment was through AZT monotherapy. The medication was actually very heavy, which caused many side effects. In addition, there were many doubts about the quantities to be taken, hampering the full effectiveness of this method.
In addition, the drug caused a reaction that left people with shades of lead-ash, and because of that, this was another label of "infected individual." And then, the fear of taking the drug was also loaded with social issues: knowing that you were contaminated, they soon associated you with marginalization, the life of a sex worker, homosexuals or even drug users using it through syringes. These factors further aided in the decision to hide the disease to its fullest extent.
Life with HIV and sexuality
There are those who say that the AIDS virus has also incorporated another name "the virus of morality". By acquiring it, infected individuals feel fear of passing the disease beyond, being responsible for another infection.
At first, many then become "asexual". He is afraid of sexual intercourse, is afraid to tell anyone who is the partner (especially among those who get HIV early, and were not married, for example, at the time of the discovery, since this makes serious future relationships difficult); is afraid to "ruin" the life of yet another person who might be living in a good one but is infected with the AIDS virus.
These are the main points pointed out by those infected with HIV who, even if they are discovered as HIV positive, are afraid of ending their sexual relations, mainly because the other individual is afraid of becoming involved and eventually becoming infected, even if they are infected. sex with a condom does not transmit the virus. In oral sex, for example, it is enough to use a condom or a plastic film of PVC in the woman so that it can also be carried out normally.
With regard to kissing and caring, they are released to HIV-positive people. Kisses can only be prevented for some time when either of them is cut in the mouth.
Meanwhile, in Brazil
According to updated data from UNAIDS, a United Nations program to combat disease, approximately 40 million are individuals infected with HIV. Of these, about 1,6 million are spread in Brazil, where Brazil represents just over 600 thousand infected, living with either the disease itself or the virus.
However, the advances with respect to the Brazilian territory are well signified, especially if compared to other countries. Here, the supply of drugs for the treatment of the disease is a national program, which is worldwide reference and has been under law for more than 10 years.
For the fight against HIV, today the Ministry of Health has 16 differentiated antiretrovirals for free in the public health network. These medicines are responsible for preventing the multiplication of this virus, as well as delaying to the maximum the signs and symptoms of the disease.
Because of this, the patient with the positive diagnosis of the present day lives a totally normal life - if it were not for the petrified discrimination that still surrounds society.
The life of the patient, after the appearance of the cocktail, has practically no restriction.
On the other hand, the Ministry of Health itself, which has a National STD and viral hepatitis program, states that the virus transmission rate is still very high in the country, considering 19,8 contaminations for each 100 thousand Brazilian inhabitants.
The development of the disease, from time to time, is more frequent in women. In men, in turn, this rate decreased greatly among men with ages ranging from 13 to 29 years. The decrease in the appearance of the virus in children younger than 5 years of age is also remarkable.
Thus, it is perceived that, mainly in the Brazilian territory, the advances regarding the treatment and the policies that define the free distribution of the same are very significant, which should make the life of the seropositive, in theory, as normal as of others.
But the main problem is discrimination, the factor that most certainly harms the insertion of this individual again into society.
The children documented in a special work in the hospital in São Paulo already mentioned previously, barely know what the disease is, and the daily treatment offered to them, allows them to lead a normal life. But when talking to the little ones, it is understood that they know of the risks of telling the disease to some school friend, for example.
Even children are already impregnated with this prejudice that has taken hold of society. Until when people will not understand that the HIV-positive can lead a normal life?
The growing computerization has already brought the population the necessary knowledge to accept and help the inclusion of the HIV positive in society, what is their main fear after a positive test.
Meanwhile, young people who have been infected with the disease, are afraid to tell their friends. Fear even from the family. Fear of relating. Fear of loving, of wrapping, of falling in love. Nowadays HIV infection can not yet be cured, as it is a chronic, progressive disease that affects the human immune system. However, intensified treatment enables the infected person to live their own life normally, just like you or anyone else.
However, the prejudice and discrimination that circulate it should have been extinguished a long time ago, but they are still impregnated in the workplace, college, the streets and everywhere. The relationship should be normal, just like any other. With regard to sexuality, protection enables normal sexual intercourse between a seropositive person and an individual who does not have the disease without the transmission of the virus occurring.
Again, life with HIV
Of course, as you read this title, you must have considered the "suffering" life that the patient has. Of course it does not cease to be, after all, no one gets such an illness because he wants to. However, it has already been noted that the patient infected with the AIDS virus can and should lead a normal life, inserted in society.
Amazingly, what most affects and infects the HIV-positive is discrimination, which occurs in a variety of ways and virtually everywhere. Living with the AIDS virus has long ceased to be a health problem and has become a problem of society, a problem of insertion, of placement in this environment.
The life of the HIV patient is not easy. He must still live with impregnated prejudices, old and without scientific foundation, as well as protect themselves against those who abuse discrimination.
We know, or at least should know, that a person's health is built not only for physical integrity, but also for his morale, his mental and emotional health.
Treatments, advances and medicines have made it possible for the patient infected with the HIV virus to regain their physical health, that is, the integrity of their body, the improvement in the treatment of diseases and the delay in their appearance.
But if you have a disease that still affects society as a whole and hinders the improvement of the mental health and emotional health of HIV-infected people, it is certainly discrimination.